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Weekly Security Readings

16 Sep 2021

Recent years have seen a strengthening and growing momentum of the peace and security partnership between the African Union (AU) and the United Nations (UN). While much has been said about improving the technical and operational aspects of the partnership, the political dimensions has to be discussed, namely: the lack of permanent African representation in the UN Security Council (UNSC), despite 70% of UNSC agenda topics relating to Africa, as well as the challenges of securing funding for African peace support operations (PSOs).

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9 Sep 2021

While Maritime environmental crime encompasses any illegal activity that causes significant harm to the marine environment, three of the most common and most significant crimes are maritime pollution, illegal dredging and seabed mining, and illegal, unregulated, and unreported (IUU) fishing. Available data focuses on the aggregate results of the crimes rather than direct monitoring of criminal activity. Efforts to improve data collection and release are needed to improve our collective understanding of maritime environmental crime.

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2 Sep 2021

Sustained efforts continued under United Nations auspices to advance Libyan-led and Libyan-owned dialogue processes in support of the ceasefire agreement, economic reforms and the holding of elections on 24 December 2021. UNSMIL continued to support a Libyan-led and Libyan-owned approach to the implementation of the road map adopted by the Libyan Political Dialogue Forum in Tunis in November 2020. In addition, foreign forces and mercenaries continued to operate throughout Libya, with no discernible abatement of their activities.

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26 Aug 2021

African countries have an opportunity to embark on more interconnected trade in the wake of the new African Continental Free Trade Area. This theme of interconnectivity resonates with China's Belt and Road Initiative, a massive infrastructure and services expansion project that forms the centerpiece of President Xi Jinping's foreign policy. China is the African continent's largest bilateral trading partner. What opportunities will emerge from linking China's Belt and Road Initiative to Africa via the African Continental Free Trade Area? And what will be some of the challenges? This paper offers perspectives on current developments in the Belt and Road Initiative and the African Continental Free Trade Area.

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