Week 18 Jul 2019
Between 2016 and 2019 irregular migration by North Africans to Europe increased noticeably.The rising numbers are driven by economic pessimism, social frustration and structural inequality. Old routes, which stretch from North African to European shores, have resurged in popularity.
Week 11 Jul 2019
Within the notion under discussion of ‘failed State’, Security Sector Reform is one of the key pillars for the management of de facto division of Libya. Following the fall of the Gaddafi regime in 2011, the over-centralised power framework was disrupted. A large set of non-state armed actors, including tribes, private military security companies and irregular armies, went into competition for control over territories, resources and critical infrastructures.