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conflict resolution & security


Challenges and opportunities for conflict prevention and the achievement of greater security. NATO's support to the efforts of regional actors.

25 February 2022 at 10:49 | Middle East

Maritime and Energy Security in the Gulf



NATO-ICI Regional Center and the NSD-S Hub held a joint Study Day to discuss Maritime and Energy Security in the Gulf.

Maritime and Energy Security in the Gulf

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  Weekly readings


The unrealized potential of cooperative security in the Arab Gulf



[ © NATO Defense College Policy Brief ]

 Over the past three decades, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has undergone a geopolitical transformation, punctuated by a series of critical junctures: the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990-1991, the American and NATO operations in Afghanistan the following decade, the US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003 and the Arab uprisings of 2011. These regional geopolitical shifts – often dictated by domestic drivers – have been accompanied by global geostrategic changes. As a result, the Gulf sub-region, encompassing Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, Iraq, Yemen, and Iran, has emerged as the new center of gravity in the MENA region.  

Iraq must compromise between majoritarianism and consensus government formation



[ © Al Jazeera ]

 Iraq's current institutions offer no enforceable compromise between consensus rule and majority rule. The popularity of Sadr's current farming shows that many Iraqis oppose the consensus system. With no path to compromise, violence between these two groups is difficult to avoid.