Unlike the space race of the 1960s, space is no longer an area where only a few countries operate. In recent decades, there has been a surge of interests and participants, underlining its importance for security and prosperity on the planet. As in Africa, Middle Eastern countries have steadily accelerated their own space programs, involving similar developmental motives and models as well as considerable differences.
This intricate and highly specific project was aimed at enhancing NATO's understanding of space and security challenges in the region. At the same time, it hopes to shed more light on the developing capabilities of MENA countries in not only the space domain, but also assessing political, military, economic and societal issues.