Study Day on Impacts of Climate Change on Stability in MENA
In the framework of its mission, the NATO Strategic Direction-South (NSD-S) Hub continues to organize events to improve NATO’s situational awareness and understanding of the Southern Flank, contributing to NATO’s projecting stability efforts in the South. The NSD-S Hub examines regional perspectives on challenges and opportunities to further NATO’s aim of supporting stability and security for Africa and the Middle East. As part of its series of knowledge building events, the Allied Command Transformation (ACT) and NSD-S Hub co-organized a Study Day entitled, "Impact of Climate Change on Stability in Middle East and North Africa” on 30 May 2019. This event focused on how climate change multiplies social and economic transformations while aggravating security challenges.
There is an overwhelming scientific consensus that climate change is occurring fast, that human activity contributes to the phenomenon and that it acts as a destabilizing global risk. Military experts, including NATO and many member states, consider climate change to be a "threat multiplier,” events that will increase the severity and periodicity of current threats to security and prosperity in many different ways.
In late 2018, the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) issued a report based on 6,000 scientific studies written by 91 authors from 40 countries. The report detailed the consequences of the anticipated and unprecedented global average of 2.0 degrees Celsius. Scientists estimate several hundred million people are vulnerable to climate-related risks, in the forms of poverty, famine, disease and resource scarcity.
The aim of the Study Day was to evaluate how the effects of climate change, past, current, and future, act as social, economic, and security threat multipliers in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), introducing the audience to some of the medium-long term climate change challenges in the MENA region.