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LAKE CHAD REGION WATER CRISIS

Executive Summary:

The Lake Chad region is highly exposed to many domestic and external shocks and stresses. Lake Chad’s dynamic nature is constantly changing due to variations in temperatures and rainfall. Water crisis and related human insecurity is shaped by non-climate interacting factors such as State fragility, displacement and refugee populations, violent conflict and poor regional problem-solving capabilities.

Highlights:

- Lake Chad water surface has shrunk 90% since 1960. Riparian countries: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria.

- Displaced Population: 17.2 Million; Internally Displaced People (IDPs), Refugees and Third Country Nationals: 2.2 Million*

- Insecurity and violence hampers development and humanitarian aid and disrupts economic activities.

- Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC) founded in 1964 to manage the lake’s waters and foster cooperation so far ineffective.

- Boko Haram is the major obstacle to the technical implementation of restauration projects and one of the main drivers of the crisis.

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