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CHINA’S INVESTMENTS IN EASTERN AFRICA. DJIBOUTI, CHINA’S SHUTTLE IN AFRICA

Executive Summary:

The One Belt and One Road (OBOR) initiative will facilitate China trade with Europe and Africa. China is increasing economic activities in Africa in order to gain new markets and raw materials. The precarious security situation has prompted China to actively support Africa to improve stability. Chinese military base in Djibouti protects trading routes and will support the permanent presence of China in Africa.

Highlights:

- (2013) Establishment of sea-land line of communication initiative One Belt and One Road (OBOR).

- (2013) Establishment of LAPSSET Programme (Lamu Port, South Sudan, and Ethiopia Transport Corridor). This program encompasses several key infrastructure construction projects such as seaports, oil pipelines, highways, railroads, airports and resorts cities.

- (2013-2014) First deployment of Chinese combat troops in Mali and South Sudan under UN mandate.

- (2015) China inaugurates in Addis Ababa the sub-Saharan Africa’s first modern railway (750 km). The first step in a 5,000km long network (Ethiopia-Kenya-Sudan-South Sudan) of rail which will be finished in 2020.

- (2017) Inauguration of the first Chinese military base overseas. - (2008-2017) More than 6,000 Chinese and foreign ships escorted by Chinese Navy in the Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean.

- (2017) Around 10,000 Chinese firms (90% of them privately owned) operate across many sectors of the African economy.

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