Weekly Security Readings 18 April 2019
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Trends in African Maritime Security
Africa Center for Strategic Studies
Africa's rapidly evolving maritime security environment has prompted innovations in Africa's maritime security architecture, leading to greater regional coordination. More than 90 percent of the world’s trade travels by sea. Submarine cables transmit 95 percent of telecommunications data and roughly $10 trillion per day.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Regional Cooperation on Democratization and Conflict Management in Africa
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
While the African Union (AU) is leading overarching efforts to establish continent- wide norms for acceptable political conduct, regional institutions are also contributing substantially to democratization and peace building in their neighborhoods. Bodies such as the Economic Community of West African States have been actively managing conflicts and preventing movement toward authoritarianism.
Algeria: In Focus
Congressional Research Service (CRS)
A sudden surge of large, peaceful protests opposing President Abdelaziz Bouteflika’s bid for a fifth five-year term in office is bringing questions about Algeria’s presidential succession and political future to the fore. President Bouteflika (82) is in evident ill health and has rarely appeared in public since suffering a stroke in 2013.
Nigeria; Guidance note and common analysis
European Asylum Support Office (EASO)
The country guidance represents the common assessment of the situation in the country of origin by senior policy officials from EU Member States.
Cyclone Disaster in Mozambique and Surrounding Region
Congressional Research Service (CRS)
On March 14, a large and powerful tropical storm dubbed Cyclone Idai came ashore at Beira, a low-lying port city in central Mozambique, in southeastern Africa. It featured sustained winds as high as 120 miles per hour prior to making landfall and dumped torrents of rain over large parts of Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe, and Madagascar.
The Aftermath of the Arab Spring Protests: What a Public Opinion Survey Tells Us
Rice University’s Baker Institute For Public Policy
In a recent survey in 10 Arab nations, we measured public attitudes toward the Arab Spring protests, its goals, and its beneficiaries. Unsurprisingly, we found that many respondents feel that the protests did not bring about the changes they originally hoped for.
Lebanon Crisis Response Plan 2017-2020 (Government of Lebanon and United Nations)
Produced by the Government of Lebanon and the United Nations
Eight years into the Syrian crisis, Lebanon remains at the forefront of one of the worst humanitarian crises of our time and has shown exceptional commitment and solidarity to people displaced by the conflict in Syria. As of October 2018, the Government of Lebanon (GoL) estimates that the country hosts 1.5 million Syrians who have fled the conflict in Syria.
Water and Food Security Strategies in the MENA Region
Middle East and North Africa Regional Architecture - MENARA
More than two generations have passed since oil transformed the economies and societies of the Gulf monarchies. Gulf citizens enjoy opportunities unimaginable without oil wealth and have the security of a comprehensive welfare state. But how sustainable are the Gulf economies? Citizen populations continue to grow, oil reserves continue to …
Jemaah Islamiyah: An Uncertain Future
ASPI - Australian Strategic Policy Institute
Despite suffering at the hands of a concerted Indonesian security clampdown, Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) never completely disappeared. Indeed, in 2009 it made a dramatic reappearance with the twin bombings of the JW Marriott and Ritz Carlton hotels in Jakarta. Since then, the movement has been quietly rebuilding its base and spreading its network of links in the world’s largest Islamic nation.
China and the International Order
This report evaluates the character and possible future of China’s engagement with the post–World War II international order. The resulting portrait is anything but straightforward: China’s engagement with the order remains a complex and often contradictory work in progress.