Weekly Security Readings 16 May 2019
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Report on the activities of the Joint Force of the Group of Five for the Sahel
The present report provides an update on progress in the operationalization of the Joint Force, international support for the Force, the implementation of the technical agreement between the United Nations, the European Union and G-5 Sahel States, challenges encountered by the Joint Force, possible measures for further consideration and the implementation by the G-5 Sahel States of a human rights and international humanitarian law compliance framework.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Libya Crisis Watch - 06-12 May 19
Beyond the Horizon ISSG
This report provides an update on the Libyan crisis, during the week from 6 to 12 May 2019, with key events and an assessment. It focuses on political situation, humanitarian situation, energy security and armed conflict.
Deradicalisation and Disengagement in Somalia: Evidence from a Rehabilitation Programme for Former Members of Al-Shabaab
Royal United Services Institute - RUSI
This report presents detailed information about the Serendi programme (Support to ‘low-risk’ former members of Al-Shabaab to prepare them for reintegration into the community), as well as how and why they enlisted in Al-Shabaab in the first place, how and why they disengaged, and their experiences of reintegration post-exit.
Cameroon’s Anglophone Crisis: How to Get to Talks?
The crisis in the Anglophone regions (Northwest and Southwest) of Cameroon that began in October 2016 with protests by teachers and lawyers escalated into an armed insurrection at the end of 2017 and has since degenerated into a civil war. This report analyses the recent dynamics of the conflict and proposes flexible ways to get to talks and find a lasting solution.
Report to Congress in Iran’s Foreign and Defense Policies
US Congressional Research Service
Iran’s national security policy is the product of many overlapping and sometimes competing factors such as the ideology of Iran’s Islamic revolution, perception of threats to the regime and to the country, long-standing national interests, and the interaction of the Iranian regime’s factions and constituencies. An annual Defense Department report on Iran’s military power required by successive National Defense Authorization Acts (NDAAs), generally contain assessments similar to those presented publicly by the intelligence community.
Report on Strategic Advice for Enhancing the Gender Dimension of Open Science and Innovation Policy
Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences
The present report, prepared within the framework of H2020 GENDERACTION project, explores the possible intersections between gender and OS/OI, and should be considered as a starting point for stakeholders to reflect on how the two ERA priorities may create reinforcing synergies. The report also underscores the need for further studies and analyses.
Gender Equality and In/Stability in Africa
NATO Strategic Direction South – Hub
"Empowering women is not just the right thing to do, it’s the smart thing to do: it makes countries safer and more stable. NATO is determined to make a difference, including through our training and operations.” (NATO SG). On February 28, 2019, the NATO Strategic Direction– South HUB (NSD-S) and Three Stones International held an online chat forum to discuss "Gender Equality and In/Stability in Africa”.
Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2019
US Department of Defense
China’s leaders have benefited from what they view as a "period of strategic opportunity” during the initial two decades of the 21st century to develop domestically and expand China’s "comprehensive national power.” Ongoing state-led efforts, which China implements both at home and abroad and which often feature economic and diplomatic initiatives, also support China’s security and military objectives.