Weekly Security Readings 11 April 2019
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
China's Relations with Africa and the Arab World: Shared Trends, Different Priorities
European Leadership Network
China–Africa relations do not relate to the African continent only, but also inform Chinese foreign policy conduct in other parts of the developing world. The Forum on China–Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) is a plurilateral platform guiding China–Africa relations. A similar platform guides relations between China and the Arab states – the China–Arab States Cooperation Forum (CASCF).
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Ethiopia: Recent Turmoil in the Somali State Region Risks to Jeopardize the Security and Political Situation as Ethnic Tensions Spread Across the Country
European Strategic Intelligence and Security Center - ESISC
Ethiopia, Africa’s second-most-populous country, has suffered military rule, civil war, and catastrophic famine over the past half century. Yet, in recent years it has emerged as a beacon of stability in the Horn of Africa enjoying one of the world’s fastest economic growth and an increasing strategic importance in the region.
Power, elitism and history. Analyzing trends in targeted killings in Nigeria, 2000 to 2017
The Global Initiative
Despite the prevalence of assassinations and targeted killings in Nigeria, there has not yet been a systematic account of this kind of criminal activity in the country. This report analyzes the dynamics of targeted killings in the country using a specially designed dataset over the period 2000 to 2017.
Arms Transfer and SALW Controls in mena: Mapping Capacity-building Efforts
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute - SIPRI
A significant number of cooperation and assistance activities have been carried out in recent years aimed at helping states to improve their arms transfer and small arms and light weapons (SALW) controls. Many of these have focused on the implementation of either the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) or the UN Programme of Action on SALW while others …
Evolving Menace: Iran’s Use of Cyber-Enabled Economic Warfare
Foundation for Defense of Democracies - FDD
In 2016, the industrial computer security firm MalCrawler conducted an experiment: It created an elaborate network to observe the actions and gauge the intentions of malicious cyber operators. The firm concluded that hackers from different countries typically exhibit distinct behaviors. Chinese hackers pilfered "anything that looked like novel technical information.” Russians …
The Politics of Rentier States in the Gulf
Project on Middle East Political Science - POMEPS
More than two generations have passed since oil transformed the economies and societies of the Gulf monarchies. Gulf citizens enjoy opportunities unimaginable without oil wealth and have the security of a comprehensive welfare state. But how sustainable are the Gulf economies? Citizen populations continue to grow, oil reserves continue to …
Migration: Solid Nations and Liquid Transnationalism? The EU's Struggle to Find a Shared Course on African Migration 1999-2019
German Development Institute – DIE
The European Union (EU) has been struggling to decide how its borders should treat African mobility since 1995. That year, the Schengen Agreement established a European area of free movement, based on a model of flexible and transboundary flows of persons, goods and information
Artificial Intelligence. What Implications for EU Security and Defence?
European Union Institute for Security Studies - EUISS
Artificial Intelligence-enabled platforms will take time to mature, so AI will remain a strategic enabler for the time being. Before AI reaches a more substantial level of autonomy, human operators will continue to exert control over AI-enabled systems and technologies
Trends in the Diffusion of Misinformation on Social Media
Both Facebook and Twitter have taken steps to reduce the circulation of misinformation on their platforms. Online Appendix Table 1 lists twelve such announcements by Facebook since the 2016 election, while Online Appendix Table 2 lists five by Twitter. All announcements are taken from the platforms' official websites. Broadly, the platforms have taken …