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Weekly Security Readings

8 Apr 2021

Confronted with the rising threat of climate change, many governments around the world have launched efforts to electrify their energy system while decarbonizing their electric power supply. This trend has led to an increased demand for non-carbon-emitting sources of electricity and energy storage technologies, and in turn has grown the demand for these technologies’ component minerals and materials. According to a World Bank study, the demand for component minerals for electric storage batteries—such as aluminum, cobalt, lithium, manganese, and nickel—could rise by more than 450 percent by 2050 if clean energy technology is deployed at a level consistent with the Paris Climate Agreement goal of keeping the rise in atmospheric temperature to no more than 2 degrees Celsius.


1 Apr 2021

What can the AU do about the conflict in Mozambique? Could new mediators resolve the GERD dispute? Beside those two, the March 2021 Peace & Security Council Report discusses the following topics: Still a long way to go to financial independence for the AU; AMISOM should provide more than security in Somalia; and the PSC Interview with Tim Murithi: ‘Magufuli’s passing could renew relationships in the EAC.


25 Mar 2021

The August 2020 military coup in Mali put on hold several initiatives to combat small arms and light weapons (SALW) proliferation in the country, including the ongoing review of the 2004 Law on Weapons. Amid a worsening security situation owing to the activities of armed groups, criminal undertakings and interpersonal violence, the Transitional authorities should make the fight against SALW proliferation a priority again. As the de facto leaders have engaged in a dramatic overhaul of the institutional architecture, they could seize the opportunity to strengthen the tools to combat SALW proliferation in the long term.


18 Mar 2021

A ‘new frontier of African renaissance’ is the way the African Union (AU) describes the Blue Economy and its platform, the African Maritime Domain (AMD). This domain comprises all areas and resources of, on, under, relating to, adjacent to, or bordering on an African sea, ocean, or African lakes, intra-coastal and inland navigable waterways, including all African maritime-related activities, infrastructure, cargo, vessels, and other means of conveyance.


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