9 Jan 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Final report of the Panel of Experts on the Central African Republic
United Nations Security Council - UNSC
The Panel of Experts on the Central African Republic observed the importance of CAR’s cooperating with regional States through joint Commissions. The Panel further observed that actions by armed groups continued to weaken the Peace Agreement. A key strategy of some armed groups continued to be centered on strengthening control over various territories in the country. Concerning the humanitarian situation, the Panel outlined the armed groups continuing human rights and [international humanitarian law] violations highlighting the constant attacks against humanitarians.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Eviter la reprise des violences communautaires à l’Est du Tchad
International Crisis Group
En 2019, l’Est du Tchad a connu des conflits intercommunautaires meurtriers, en particulier entre communautés arabes et non arabes. En dépit d’une accalmie ces derniers mois, ces violences révèlent de profondes fractures identitaires et mettent en lumière une compétition pour la terre, les chefferies traditionnelles et le pouvoir local. Dans un contexte intérieur fragile, une recrudescence des violences au Tchad oriental, frontalier de la région soudanaise du Darfour, pourrait menacer la stabilité du pays.
Navigating Crisis and Opportunity: The Peacekeeping Transition in Darfur
International Peace Institute - IPI
In the face of evolving security dynamics and geopolitical pressures, the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council (AUPSC) and the UN Security Council initiated the withdrawal of the AU-UN Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) in 2017. The transition confronts difficult humanitarian, security, and economic conditions in Darfur, where violence is ongoing and many underlying drivers of conflict remain unaddressed.
The Angolan Armed Forces and the African Peace and Security Architecture
Southern African Centre for Collaboration on Peace and Security - SACCPS
Angola’s involvement in the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) is an example of a rising regional power searching for strategic affirmation. Through a participatory, influential and engaging foreign policy, Angola is committed to a strategic balance in which the Armed Forces (FAA) are an instrument of both military cooperation and conflict resolution within Angola’s area of interest.
A Quantitative Analysis of Female Employment in Senegal
International Monetary Fund - IMF
Female-to-male employment in Senegal increased by 14 percentage points between 2006 and 2011. During the same period years of education of the working age population increased 27 percent for females and 13 percent for males, reducing gender gaps in education. In this paper, we quantitatively investigate the impact of this increase in education on female employment in Senegal.
The shifting energy landscape and the Gulf economies’ diversification challenge
The Brookings Institution
The hydrocarbon-dependent countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) face challenges in adjusting to the new reality in energy markets. Increased oil and gas production in the United States and growing concern about climate change mean that their hydrocarbon revenues are likely to decline over the long run. At the same time, growing populations and a rentier social contract make declining revenues a challenge for governance and stability.
Yemen Crisis Watch (30 December 2019 - 05 January 2020)
Beyond the Horizon International Strategic Studies Group - ISSG
The war in Yemen has become chronic. STC declared to have withdrawn from Riyadh Agreement this Wednesday. The pacific atmosphere during negotiations with Saudi Arabia has left its place to more belligerent discourse towards US and the Coalition, blended with threats. In the absence of external guarantors to force Stockholm and Riyadh Agreements, Yemeni politicians have discarded another chance to bring peace.
CEDEAO, la voie difficile vers l’Eco, la monnaie unique
Policy Center for the New South
Depuis 2000, selon une approche et un calendrier qui ont été maintes fois modifiés, les 15 membres de la Communauté Économique des États de l’Afrique de l’Ouest (CEDEAO) ont exprimé leur volonté d’accélérer le processus d’intégration monétaire dans la région. Quelle est la portée d’un tel projet ? Quelles sont les difficultés à surmonter ? Quel est le réalisme de son calendrier ?.
World Economic League Table 2020
Centre for Economics and Business Research - CEBR
Essentially World Economic League Table (WELT) tracks the pace of globalisation as countries in the emerging markets catch up with and overtake the traditionally more advanced economies. Will there be a global recession and if so how severe? What are the economic implications and opportunities associated with the recent pivot towards greater protection of the environment and climate? What are the prospects for global inequality?.