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9 December 2021

"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention"


Pirates of the Gulf of Guinea: A Cost Analysis for Coastal States

Stable Seas

Pirate groups concentrated in the Niger Delta earn perhaps $5 million of direct income per year through theft and hostage-taking. The low direct costs to African nations have created the perception among some that Gulf of Guinea piracy and armed robbery are greater problems for international shipping companies and foreign seafarers than they are for African nations. This perspective is misguided. Gulf of Guinea nations are facing significant direct, indirect, and opportunity costs related to the presence of piracy and armed robbery.



Libya Multi-Sector Needs Assessment (MSNA) Key Findings, Libyan Population (December 2021)

REACH Initiative

The agreement, reached in Libya in October 2020, initiated a peace process that is set to culminate in elections in December 2021. Despite the persistent efforts, the security landscape in Libya remains fragmented, with the continued proliferation of armed non-state groups as well as localised clashes. The protracted nature of the conflict has additionally resulted in significant losses in national income, productivity, and consumption.


Land, Conflict and Displacement in South Sudan: A Conflict-Sensitive Approach to Land Governance

Conflict Sensitivity Resource Facility (CSRF)

This paper provides an overview of land governance as it relates to problems of conflict and displacement in South Sudan. The goal is to help aid actors better understand the context in which they are operating and how they might limit the potential for unintended consequences from their interventions and maximise the contribution that they make to social cohesion and conflict transformation.

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The Dangers Of Rigged Indirect Elections In Somalia

The Heritage Institute for Policy Studies

Although far from being free and fair, Somalia's indirect elections, in the past two decades, have produced outcomes that were largely acceptable to political stakeholders as well as the majority of the population. This year, the delaying tactics of those leading the process, their arbitrary selection of the senators, and the self-serving agreements they reached might lead to a contested result and political instability in the country. In other words, if the politicians' gerrymandering of the indirect electoral process continues unchecked, Somalia's state-building project might unravel.


Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

The present report covers developments in the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 18 September to 30 November 2021. It provides a description of progress made in the implementation of the mandate of MONUSCO since the previous report, of 17 September 2021. It provides an overview of political developments, as well as information on the Mission's pursuit of a comprehensive approach to the protection of civilians, the stabilization and strengthening of State institutions and key governance and security reforms.

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Submission to the United Nations Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review, Syria

World Vision International

Half of the Syrian people living in Northern Syria are children; and nearly all (94 per cent) of them are living in areas of severe, extreme, or catastrophic education conditions. This report updates on the Economic impact of the ten-year conflict, the Denial of humanitarian access for children and GBV survivors, the Impact on child rights, education and healthcare. The paper also lays recommendations for the Syrian Arab Republic, UN Special Envoy for Syria and OHCHR, and to all humanitarian responders to the conflict.

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Using 'technical guarantees' to restore and sustain the Iran nuclear deal

European Leadership Network (ELN)

As negotiations on the restoration of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) resume in Vienna, this paper proposes how to address the Iranian demand for guarantees that the lifting of US secondary sanctions will deliver sustained economic benefits. This paper examines why political and legal guarantees are insufficient or implausible means to achieve this new aim. Explaining the validity of the Iranian demand for guarantees, the authors provide a selection rubric for the identification of economic projects that can act as technical guarantees.



Pluriversal Peacebuilding - Peace Beyond Epistemic and Ontological Violence

E-International Relations

The field of international peacebuilding increasingly recognizes that violence is not a unitary phenomenon, but an array of constraints on human flourishing spanning physical, structural, cultural, and symbolic registers. This recognition provides corollary insights that building peace requires, at the very least, the reduction of violence in its complex and interlocking forms. But despite a normative commitment to reducing diverse forms of violence, the field of international peacebuilding has struggled to address the potentials for epistemic and ontological violence.

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Constructing crime - Risks, vulnerabilities and opportunities in Africa's communications infrastructure

Enhancing Africa's response to Transnational Organised Crime (ENACT)

While Africa's growing communications infrastructure and increasing internet penetration offer significant developmental benefits, they offer parallel opportunities to organised crime, which exploit the continent's enhanced connectivity. These opportunities are set to grow with nascent research already indicating that the continent is an increasingly important source of both cyber-dependent and cyber-enabled crime. It is a crucial and already tardy moment to take stock of how these vulnerabilities manifest, and how they can best be addressed.

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Reaping Africa's demographic dividend - Two scenarios for Africa's youth

European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS)

Although African countries have achieved reasonable economic growth of over 4 % per annum in the past two decades, many of them have failed to transform their economies and substantially improve the living standards of the people. This Brief analyses Africa's biggest resource: its youth. A boom in the continent's young population is driving rapid population growth. Depending on how future trends play out, this could result in either a demographic dividend or a demographic time-bomb.



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