8 August 2019
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Report of the Secretary-General on Somalia
United Nations Security Council
The present report covers major developments in Somalia during the period from 14 December 2018 to 4 May 2019. It also provides information on the implementation of the resolutions, including on the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) and the United Nations Support Office in Somalia (UNSOS).
Sustaining Peace in Liberia: New Reforms New Opportunities
International Peace Institute
In his January 2018 report on peacebuilding and sustaining peace, the UN secretary-general called for a shift in not only UN policies on peacebuilding, but also approaches to peace ¬building at the regional and country levels. The reforms also took effect less than one year after the departure of the UN Mission in Liberia (UNMIL), which completed its mandate in March 2018-another significant change to the UN presence in the country.
Prioritizing and Sequencing Peacekeeping Mandates in 2019, The Case of MINUSMA
International Peace Institute
The UN Security Council renewed the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) in June 2019. Amidst the potential stagnation of Mali’s peace process, concerns over rising violence against civilians, and continued weaknesses of the Malian government in providing basic services, the upcoming negotiations on MINUSMA’s mandate represent a critical moment to reflect upon the Security Council’s strategic engagement in the country.
In Focus: Saudi Arabia
Congressional Research Service
The kingdom of Saudi Arabia wields significant global influence through its administration of the birthplace of the Islamic faith and by virtue of its large oil reserves. The centerpiece of Saudi leaders’ domestic agenda is the Vision 2030 initiative, which seeks to transform the kingdom’s economy by diversifying the government’s sources of revenue and reducing long-standing oil export dependence by promoting investment and private sector growth.
Iraq Displacement Tracking MATRIX
International Organization for Migration
As of 30 June 2019, DTM identified 1,607,148 internally displaced persons (IDPs), or 267,858 families, dispersed across 18 governorates, 106 districts and 3,116 locations in Iraq. As Round 110 covers the sixth month of 2019, the current report presents changes recorded in IDP and returnee figures at the mid-year point.
Yemen Risk Overview - Outlook for July December 2019
The Yemen Risk Overview is a risk identification report published every six months outlining the main emerging risks in Yemen that might affect the current humanitarian situation (6-month forecast). It aims to inform the humanitarian community of possible changes in context and humanitarian needs in Yemen, in order to facilitate contingency planning, risk management, and response.
Russia and China - axis of convenience or stable strategic partnership?
NATO Defense College
Is the growing relationship between Russia and China a short term “axis of convenience” as some have suggested or rather a “stable strategic partnership”? On the one hand, there are impressive achievements in cooperation with clear signals from Moscow and Beijing of their future aspirations. On the other hand, there are indications that things could fall apart quickly considering a contentious history that is still in living memory, lingering distrust and socio-cultural obstacles.
CEMAC Common Policies in Support of Member Countries Reform Programs
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
The regional strategy has helped stabilize the regional economic position thanks to large fiscal consolidation efforts, a tighter monetary policy, and external financial assistance. However, the region remains dependent on oil revenues, with little progress in economic diversification, under-performing budget non-oil revenues and weaknesses in the financial sector. The medium-term outlook foresees further improvement.
The evolution of illicit drug markets and drug policy in Africa
The fragmenting of global drug policy’s has provided an opportunity for Africa to play a leading role in shaping and implementing a new international drug policy approach. Such an approach could be grounded in the human rights, health and social development objectives of its continental Agenda 2030 goal of sustainable development, within the wider context of its Agenda 2063 goal of ‘an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa.