7 October 2021
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention"
READING OF THE WEEK
Strengthening the Connection Between Small Arms and Light Weapons Controls and the Women, Peace and Security Agenda
International Action Network on Small Arms (IANSA)
Women's participation is key to sustainable peace' is a conclusion drawn from a global study on the implementation of United UNSC Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security (WPS), conducted in 2015,1 15 years after its adoption. The active participation of women at all levels is crucial to the operational effectiveness, success and sustainability of peace processes and peacebuilding efforts. This briefing paper introduces readers to the theoretical and practical overlaps of the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda with the field of small arms and light weapons (SALW) controls.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Addressing youth unemployment through industries without smokestacks - A Tunisia case study
Although the manufacturing sector is known to have a unique role in structural transformation, the industries without smokestacks (IWOSS) that include tradable services, and that concern in Tunisia mainly IT, tourism, transport, trade, and financial services, can provide new opportunities for export development and in turn drive economic growth. This study takes the case of Tunisia and examines the current state and contribution of the IWOSS to the economy and exports with the aim of improving our understanding of the major bottlenecks and solutions to unlocking the potential of these industries.
Oil or Nothing: Dealing with South Sudan's Bleeding Finances
International Crisis Group
A violent contest for power, partly driven by South Sudan political elites' desire to control the country's oil revenues, has exacerbated its deep ethno-political and regional divisions. This report examines the country's oil economy and its role in the country's upheaval. It outlines recommendations to the South Sudanese and their external partners to make the country's finances more transparent and their custodians more accountable, with an overall objective of reducing incentives for bloody struggles over power.
The Nature and Scope of Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated Fishing and Fisheries Crime in Cameroon: Implications for Maritime Security
The fisheries sector matters for Cameroon's maritime security since it makes a significant contribution to the economy, food security and local livelihoods. The importance of the fisheries sector to Cameroon is however threatened by recurrent reports of illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing and fisheries crime. This study helps to fill the gap in knowledge by drawing from empirical evidence captured in Cameroon's West Maritime District (WMD) to examine the nature and scope of IUU fishing and fisheries crime and assess the implications for maritime security).
The Impending Impasse: Iran's Nuclear and Ballistic Missile Potential
Institute of New Europe Foundation
Iran's commitment to acquiring a nuclear weapon has been a major concern for the Western community, which prompted the enactment of crippling economic sanctions against the Islamic regime and the negotiation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA); an agreement where the sanctions would be lifted in exchange for curbs on its nuclear programme. Yet while the deal's fate remains uncertain after the US unilaterally left it, the issue of Iran's expansive and developing missile arsenal remains persistent.
Lebanon's Student Movement: A New Political Player?
Arab Reform Initiative
The victory of independent student groups in student council elections in late 2020 was hailed as a milestone in the fight against the influence of traditional sectarian political parties in Lebanon. This paper examines the significance of these student elections and the renewed mobilization of the student body. It aims to better understand the politics and strategies of the new student groups, notably their understanding of notions like independence, and attempts to address the role that these student groups can eventually play in national politics.
Reframing Climate Justice for Development
Energy for Growth Hub
Prevailing definitions of climate justice rarely fully capture the priorities, challenges and perspectives of low-emitting energy-poor countries, the vast majority of which are in sub-Saharan Africa. We need energy transitions that are truly 'just and inclusive.' What does this mean for development funders and financiers, and how should it drive their approach to supporting energy transitions in the lowest-income countries?
International Involvement in the African Nuclear Market
South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA)
Africa's socioeconomic development inevitably leads to an increase in energy demand. Some African countries are considering nuclear power as an alternative, clean source of energy. Others already use nuclear technologies in medicine, industry and agriculture. Yet others are at various stages of embarking on establishing or expanding their nuclear programmes. With Africa supplying 14% of the world's uranium and with no foreseeable shortages, pursuing nuclear power is a viable option.
Artificial Intelligence Needs Assessment Survey In Africa
International Research Centre in Artificial Intelligence under the auspices of UNESCO (IRCAI)
Even as legacy issues of low infrastructure development and persistent human capacity gaps exist in several countries, the United Nations E-Government Survey 2020, which analyses trends in digital government, has reported "positive signs of accelerated advancement" in Africa. However, progress on digital transformation in governments alone is not enough, as the development and use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) brings about social, environmental and economic transformations that require creative solutions and improved governance by stakeholders working together. Technologies like AI, with their risks mitigated, have potential for accelerating sustainable development and empowerment of young Africans, are an important pillar of UNESCO's work in Africa.