7 November 2019
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Energy and Displacement in Eight Objects: Insights from Sub-Saharan Africa
In recent years, clean energy access for refugees and internally displaced people has emerged as a potential method of improving humanitarian outcomes and enabling self-reliance. This ethnographic study is the first of its kind to analyse energy access and resilience strategies deployed in two refugee camps, Kakuma in Kenya and Goudoubo in Burkina Faso. The stories of residents in these camps demonstrate the importance of considering everyday experiences of displaced people in developing sustainable humanitarian energy interventions.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Algerian Gas in Transition: domestic transformation and changing gas export potential
Oxford Institute for Energy Studies
Algeria is at a critical stage in its history. The protesters’ persistent call for a fundamental transformation of the prevailing political system will undoubtedly have far-reaching implications for the country’s future and its economy. An economy that has long been driven by the hydrocarbon sector and where oil and gas exports still account for over 95 per cent of total export revenue.
Household Vulnerability and Resilience in Egypt: The Role of Social Policies
The Economic Research Forum
Managing risks and reducing vulnerability to shocks enhances the well-being of households and encourages investment in human capital. In this policy brief, we describe the nature of shocks and food insecurity experienced by Egyptian households as well as their preventive and coping mechanisms using recent data from the 2018 Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey (ELMPS).
Prioritizing and Sequencing Peacekeeping Mandates in 2019: The Case of MINUSCA
International Peace Institute - IPI
The UN Security Council is expected to renew the mandate of MINUSCA in November 2019. In this context, the International Peace Institute (IPI), the Stimson Center, and Security Council Report organized a workshop to discuss MINUSCA’s mandate and political strategy. The discussion was intended to help the UNSC make informed decisions with respect to the strategic orientation, prioritization, and sequencing of the mission’s mandate and actions on the ground.
Iraqi Russian Relations amidst US Security-Focused Engagement
Iraq has a long and complicated history with the United States, and security and military engagements have been the primary driver of the relationship. Iraq’s relations with Russia, on the other hand, have been more transactional and economically-oriented.
Iran’s Nuclear Program: Tehran's Compliance with International Obligations
Congressional Research Service
Several U.N. Security Council resolutions adopted between 2006 and 2010 required Iran to cooperate fully with the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA’s) investigation of its nuclear activities and ratify the Additional Protocol to its IAEA safeguards agreement. This report provides a brief overview of Iran’s nuclear program and describes the legal basis for the actions taken by the IAEA board and the Security Council. It will be updated as events warrant.
Humanitarian Access Overview - October 2019
Assessment Capacities Project - ACAPS
ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview provides a snapshot of the contexts where humanitarian action faces the biggest constraints. Our methodology groups 9 indicators: Denial of humanitarian needs, Restriction of access to services and assistance, Impediments to entry into country, Restriction of movement, Interference with humanitarian activities, Violence against personnel, facilities and assets, Ongoing insecurity/hostilities affecting humanitarian assistance, Presence of UXO and mines, and Physical constraints.
Late to the Party: Russia's Return to Africa
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
After a decades-long absence, Russia is once again appearing on the African continent. The Kremlin’s return to Africa, which has generated considerable media, governmental, and civil society attention, draws on a variety of tools and capabilities. Worrying patterns of stepped-up Russian activity are stirring concerns that a new wave of great-power competition in Africa is now upon us. Yet is that really the case? Are Russian inroads and capabilities meaningful or somewhat negligible?