7 May 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Responding to Covid-19 in Africa: Using data to find a balance
Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention - Africa CDC
African Union (AU) Member States responded quickly to COVID-19 with public health and social measures (PHSMs) - the most effective tools for combating a rapidly spreading infectious disease in the absence of effective treatments or vaccines - and this has given them an early advantage in suppressing the virus. But humankind’s struggle with the microbe will be a marathon, not a sprint, and AU Member States are facing a crisis that will continue to unfold over many months.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Improving sub-Saharan African access to climate change finance: An Alternative View
South African Institute of International Affairs - SAIIA
To date, only a fraction of climate finance has benefitted sub-Saharan Africa. The availability of finance is not commensurate with current needs and resource deployment has a tendency to be more donor-centric than recipient-focused. This policy briefing explores this issue, focusing on three common barriers to access, namely recipient country capacity, needs assessment and knowledge deficiencies.
Final report of the Panel of Experts on South Sudan
United Nations Security Council
While peace in South Sudan has remained fragile, the signatories to the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan have generated a narrow political opening to allow for the South Sudanese who have endured the consequences of conflict to enjoy the dividends of peace.
Poverty and Inequality in Nigeria 2019
National Bureau of Statistics - NBS
Between September of 2018 and October of 2019, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) conducted the latest round of the NLSS after a decade. The survey collected data on household and individual demographics (age, gender, marital status, among others), access to education, health and basic services, employment, assets, and income. The survey is used to measure prevalence of poverty and to estimate a wide range of socio-economic indicators including benchmarking of the Sustainable Development Goals.
Angola’s new president - Reforming to survive
Institute for Security Studies - ISS
President João Lourenço (who replaced José Eduardo dos Santos in 2017) has been credited with significant progress in fighting corruption and opening up the political space in Angola. But this has been achieved against a backdrop of economic decline and deepening poverty. Lourenço’s first two years in office are also characterised by the politicisation of the security apparatus, which holds significant risks for the country.
State narratives, social perceptions, and health behaviours around COVID-19 in Yemen
Assessment Capacities Project - ACAPS
14 weeks after the first case was announced in China, Yemen was one of the last countries worldwide to announce a single confirmed case of COVID-19 infection in its population. This report charts the institutional reaction to the pandemic from the moment the Houthi and GoY administrations acknowledged the problem in mid-February until the end of April 2020 and the measures implemented by the various authorities that are in de facto control of different parts of the country.
Iraq Covid-19 Impact Survey: Main Findings
International Organization for Migration - IOM
At the national level, the impact of the curfew relating to employment is severe. In 68 per cent of subdistricts, KIs reported that the majority of people in their areas are currently unemployed and face financial problems as a result. Employment is reportedly most critical in Anbar (according to 96% of KIs), Basrah (94%), and Dahuk governorates (94%). This report provides findings on the status of health-care services, public awareness levels, access to services, movement restrictions and the overall impact of the COVID-19 pandemic across Iraq.
Covid-19 in Africa: A Call for Coordinated Governance, Improved Health Structures and Better Data
Mo Ibrahim Foundation
Mo Ibrahim Foundation analyses Africa’s readiness and capacity to manage the COVID-19 pandemic. It draws on a wealth of data, statistics and information from the Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) and other sources to examine the current COVID-19 context and its immediate challenges. The report aims to present a clear and accurate picture, highlighting where efforts can be concentrated in the management and mitigation of this health crisis on the continent.
The Digital Economy and Ecommerce in Africa - Drivers for the African Free Trade Area?
South African Institute of International Affairs - SAIIA
This paper looks at the development of the digital economy, and in particular ecommerce, in Africa, against the back-drop of the African Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). The AfCFTA when implemented will encourage cross border intra-African trade, facilitated by online sales. There are challenges to the development of ecommerce, such as the limited access to the internet, poor logistics, constraints on online payment systems and differing regulations.
Coronavirus: Improvisation Is the Key to a Successful Response
Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies - BESA
Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina opens with the well-known sentence: “All happy families are alike; every unhappy family is unhappy in its own way.” Applying this logic to emergency situations, one can say, “All routine situations are alike; but every emergency situation is an emergency in its own way.” The coronavirus crisis is the kind of exceedingly rare and massively consequential event that overshadows all the lessons we have learned in the past. Tackling it requires an open, flexible, multidimensional, decentralized, and multicentric system of thought that is free of fixed organizational paradigms.