4 Jul 2019
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READING OF THE WEEK
Sub-Saharan Africa - The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Regional Report
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Regional Report for sub-Saharan Africa offers an in-depth analysis of the region’s progress towards gender equality. The Report draws on SIGI’s 14 indicators that measure gender-based discrimination in social institutions. It highlights the mixed progress across important areas affecting the rights and well-being of women and girls, and the need for long-term, holistic and gender-responsive policy approaches to catalyze social norm change.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Escalation of Violence in Sudan
Since President Al-Bashir was overthrown in early April a transitional military council (TMC) has been in place. Talks between members of military and civil society with the stated intention of forming an interim government seem unlikely to progress. Demonstrations against military rule are ongoing as people call for a transfer of power to civilians. The chaotic political and security situation in Khartoum is seemingly spreading to other parts of the country .
Situation in South Sudan - Report of the Secretary-General
The present report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2459 (2019), by which the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) until 15 March 2020. It covers political and security developments between 27 February and 28 May 2019, the humanitarian and human rights situation, and progress in the implementation of the Mission’s mandate.
Final report of the Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo
The presidential elections in the Democratic Republic of the Congo of 30 December 2018 brought about a relatively peaceful transfer of power despite having been contested and marred by interference from armed groups. In the period since the inauguration of the new President, the Group has observed a growing number of armed groups willing to surrender provided that adequate structures are established and conditions are met. Nevertheless, numerous local and foreign armed groups continued to pose serious security threats in the country.
Supreme leadership, economics, and clout in Iran
American Enterprise Institute
Iranian regime officials continue to profit and live comfortably despite the United States intensified “maximum pressure” campaign against the Iranian regime. Their economic security and well-being oftentimes comes at the expense of the regular Iranian people. Regime elites’ use of charitable and parastatal organizations enable this polarity.
Coping with Falling Oil Prices: The Different Fortunes of African Banks
This paper studies the impact of declining oil prices on banks in sub-Saharan African oil-exporting countries. Results indicate that banks respond differently to an oil shock depending on their ownership. These differentiated results suggest a tradeoff between maintaining credit growth and safeguarding financial stability in an oil slump which could be addressed by both micro- and macroprudential policies.
Economic Development in Africa - Report 2019
The objectives of this report are: to build on existing work on the trade–industrialization nexus in Africa, while making linkages to developmental regionalism and industrial policies; to sensitize stakeholders in Africa on the need to ensure greater coherence between trade policy and industrial policy objectives at a continental level; and to analyse how well intra-African trade can support structural transformation, and how continental preferences and rules of origin can help maximize opportunities for value addition and boost trade in Africa.