4 February 2021
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Rapport du Secrétaire général sur la menace que représente l’EIIL (Daech) pour la paix et la sécurité internationales
Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies (CSNU)
Pendant la crise provoquée par la maladie à coronavirus (COVID-19), la menace que représente l’État islamique d’Iraq et du Levant (EIIL) s’est aggravée et risque de s’accentuer dans les mois à venir dans les zones de conflit, les retombées à long terme de la pandémie pouvant être mises à profit par ses affiliés dans la région qui se sont enhardis, ainsi que dans les zones de non-conflit, sous forme d’attaques résultant de la montée de la propagande en ligne durant la pandémie.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Water Security in the Greater Horn of Africa - Addressing the Challenges
African Development Bank Group (AfDB)
This note on water security presents a synopsis of the water security situation for the Greater Horn of Africa (GHoA), including Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, and Uganda. It examines the dimensions through which the risks and impacts will be felt most strongly in the future. These include water quantity; water quality; and water accessibility.
Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Support Mission in Libya
United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
The present report covers political, security and economic developments in Libya, and provides an overview of the human rights and humanitarian situation and includes an outline of the activities of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) since the issuance of the previous report on 25 August 2020 and interim report on 30 December, on proposed ceasefire monitoring arrangements in Libya.
Why has the black market in the Gulf of Guinea endured?
Australian Journal of Maritime & Ocean Affairs
This study seeks to investigate the resilience of energy black market in the Gulf of Guinea. It argues that the regional ‘black’ market of the trivet of crude oil theft, petro-piracy and illegal trade in fuel is an organised business crime; a well-structured illegal enterprise which thrives on inadequate energy infrastructure and corruption in the region. The key ingredients, processes and institutions of the ‘black’ economy are constructed within socio-economic networks, exist in an overlap, and operate in a constantly mutating crime environment.
Country Analysis Executive Summary: Angola
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
Angola is the second-largest oil producer in Africa, after Nigeria. Angola's economy depends heavily on hydrocarbon production, making its economy vulnerable to crude oil price swings. According to the World Bank Group, the crude oil sector accounts for about one-third of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) and more than 90% of total exports. The acute economic crisis caused by COVID-19 and its impact on energy markets has led Angola to seek debt relief measures to alleviate economic hardship.
Economic diversification in the Gulf: Time to redouble efforts
Gulf Arab economies have remained stubbornly dependent on revenues from oil and natural gas despite decades of policy efforts to diversify them. One reason is that past policy efforts have not adequately taken into account the governing social contract. Gulf states pass along natural resource rents to their citizens through three main channels: access to generous public benefits and services; access to high-paying public sector jobs; and access to exclusive government contracts and licenses.
Chinese Investments in Israel: Developments and a Look to the Future
Institute for National Security Studies (INSS)
China’s economic involvement in Israel has expanded over the past decade, as Chinese companies have invested in a host of Israeli firms, primarily in high-tech fields. An in-depth and comprehensive examination of this topic shows that Chinese investments in Israel reached a peak in 2018, after which they began to wane. This study shows that Chinese state-owned enterprises invest primarily in Israeli infrastructure, while private companies and venture capital funds are more focused on the high-tech sector.
Digital Disruption in Africa: Mapping Innovations for the AfCFTA in Post-COVID Times
South African institute of International Affairs (SAIIA)
What are the main innovations that will impact Africa in the foreseeable future? A number of African countries have commissioned research on or set up committees to explore the impact of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR). Some useful guides do exist, but the COVID-19 pandemic has upended previous forecasts and seen a plethora of new developments stimulated by the challenges thrown up by the lockdown.
A strategic consideration of the African Union Free Movement of Persons Protocol
South African institute of International Affairs (SAIIA)
African integration is very much on the agenda with significant progress towards a Free Trade Agreement and a range of related initiatives that entail lowering sovereign boundaries to allow deeper engagements and cooperation with neighbours on the African continent. The African Union Protocol on the Free Movement of Persons is to lower and ultimately remove the barriers to Africans moving across African borders to visit, to trade, to live, to work and to establish businesses in other African countries.
Taking stock, Charting the future: African Union Commission End of Term Report 2017-2021
African Union (AU)
This report highlights key milestones achieved and challenges confronted by the outgoing Commission during its mandate from 2017-2020. It provides reflections on lessons learnt in the implementation of Agenda 2063 and its Flagship Projects as well as on Institutional Reform. It also proffers recommendations for consideration by the incoming Commission and Member States on the way forward, towards strengthening the Union and delivering on the Africa We Want.