30 September 2021
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention"
READING OF THE WEEK
Arab youth futures
European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS)
Young Arabs are often seen as a generation beset by hopelessness, stuck between dreams of emigration and the reality of violence and unemployment. This impression does not come out of nowhere: the last decade took a heavy toll on this generation – it was during their childhood and adolescence, between 2013 and 2019, that the region suffered the highest number of terrorism casualties, that three wars interrupted the education of 13 million children and that riots and repression led to economic losses of $600 billion following the Arab Spring. But how much does this generation feel that they can change matters and create a better future?
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Droits des Migrants Subsahariens en Tunisie : Une Chaîne de Vulnérabilités
Brussels International Center (BIC)
La présence migratoire précaire en Tunisie, principalement par son labeur, est visible à l'œil nu. Les migrants subsahariens sont surreprésentés au sein des métiers sous-payés. Selon les chiffres officiels, parmi 53 000 étrangers présents en Tunisie, 12 000 sont originaires d'Afrique subsaharienne. Pourtant, institutionnellement, ces migrants ne sont nulle part.
The Potential Impact of Digital Transformation on Egypt
Economic Research Forum (ERF)
Digital transformation offers Egypt a unique opportunity to transform several economic sectors such as financial services, retailing, healthcare, agriculture, and manufacturing while creating opportunities for individuals and enterprises and impacting inclusive development and economic growth. This paper reviews the current state of the economy, the evolution of information and communication technology in Egypt, and the potential impact digital transformation can have on society.
Unequal Adaptations - A History of Environmental change in the Sudan-Eritrea-Ethiopia border Region
Rift Valley Institute (RVI)
The Sudan-Eritrea-Ethiopia border region has long been a place of deep interconnection. Historically, collaboration across ethno-linguistic and religious divides allowed communities to develop life-sustaining complementary strategies for utilizing the region's natural resources. Man-made climate change is currently disrupting these long-standing patterns, causing widespread hardship, and making adaptation necessary."
Report of the Secretary General on THE United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
The present report covers developments in the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 19 June to 17 September 2021. It describes progress made in the implementation of the mandate of the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) since the previous report, of 21 June 2021. It contains an overview of political developments and of the Mission's pursuit of a comprehensive approach to the protection of civilians and the stabilization and strengthening of State institutions and key governance and security reforms. Additionally, it highlights the development with the Government of DRC of a transition plan on the basis of the joint strategy on the progressive and phased drawdown of MONUSCO, as requested by the Council in its resolution 2556 (2020).
Palestine - The political economy of Gaza - responding to economic vulnerability
Assessment Capacities Project (ACAPS)
Political economy involves the analysis of stakeholders, power relations, and social conflict across time and space. In the Palestinian context, this means understanding how Israeli policies, the blockade, the political division between Fatah, Hamas, and the Palestinian Authority (PA), international developments, and repeated cycles of violence have resulted in economic vulnerability across different societal groups.
Report of the Secretary-General on Children and armed conflict in Yemen
United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
The present report contains information on the six grave violations committed against children by parties to the conflict in Yemen in the period from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2020, with details on perpetrators and the context in which the violations were committed, when available. It also contains information on the progress made in addressing grave violations against children, including through the implementation of action plans. Lastly, the report provides recommendations to end and prevent grave violations against children in Yemen and improve their protection.
Mapping the Future of Africa–China Relations: Insights from West Africa
South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA)
West Africa–China relations have changed rapidly over the past two decades. Beyond trade, China is now a major lender to the region and deeply involved in training, infrastructure provision, and peace and security. This paper makes concrete suggestions on how West African policymakers can maximise the outcomes of their relationship with China – insights that are applicable to the entire continent and many other regions of the Global South.
Roadmap for Integrated Space Applications in Africa
The increasing awareness of the benefits that space applications can provide for achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals has spurred more interest in space activities by emerging space countries, particularly in Africa. This article examines the current models that emerging space countries have adopted and alternatives that may be available to newly emerging African States. The focus is on the use of integrated space applications for development purposes.
Counterproliferation Financing for Virtual Asset Service Providers
Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies (RUSI)
Proliferation Financing (PF) of WMDs is defined by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) as 'the act of providing funds or financial services which are used, in whole or in part, for the manufacture, acquisition, possession, development, export, trans-shipment, brokering, transport, transfer, stockpiling or use of nuclear, chemical or biological weapons'. This is the FATF's working definition, but it is worth noting that there is no internationally accepted definition of PF, and some have advocated for a broader understanding that might include, for example, revenue-generating activities. WMD proliferators, such as North Korea and Iran, continue to evade targeted financial sanctions.