30 Jan 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Non-custodial Rehabilitation andReintegration in Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism and Radicalization That Lead to Terrorism
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
Headlines across the OSCE region confront us with the grim reality every day. Violent extremism and terrorism are a constant threat to peace and security. They seek to undermine the very values on which the OSCE is based — values such as tolerance, inclusion, and diversity. To protect our values and our citizens, we need to respond to violence when it occurs but ideally prevent violence before it occurs.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Sharing the Burden: Lessons from the European Return to Multidimensional Peacekeeping
International Peace Institute (IPI)
Since 2013, after years of near absence from the continent, a number of European countries, along with Canada, have again deployed to UN peacekeeping missions in Africa. The European presence in UN peacekeeping in Africa is now nearly at its largest since the mid-1990s. Overall, however, European countries still only contribute about 8 percent of UN peacekeepers globally, and less than 40 percent of these are deployed in Africa.
Éviter les guerres par procuration dans l’est de la RDC et les Grands Lacs
International Crisis Group
L’intensification de l’hostilité entre les Etats des Grands Lacs risque de provoquer une reprise des guerres régionales qui ont déchiré cette région au cours des décennies précédentes. Cette politique risque d’attiser des conflits entre factions interposées en RDC. Le président congolais devrait plutôt relancer la voie diplomatique, en sollicitant le Burundi ainsi que le Rwanda et l’Ouganda. L’envoyé de l’ONU devrait encourager les représentants burundais, rwandais et ougandais à partager des preuves du soutien de leurs rivaux aux insurgés en RDC, en vue de la rédaction d’une feuille de route prévoyant le retrait de ces soutiens.
Cameroon. Escalation of the Anglophone crisis
Parliamentary and municipal elections scheduled for February 9 2020 are intensifying an escalation of the Anglophone crisis in Cameroon. On 7 January 2020, fighters from the Ambazonian separatist group burned down the Elections Cameroon (ELECAM) office in Misaje commune, Donga Mantung division in Northwest region. The action was to reiterate their earlier decision not to participate in legislative and municipal council elections scheduled for 9 February 2020. The Ambazonian Governing Council (AGovC) have stated that campaigning and talking about the elections by the populace in the proclaimed Ambazonia region is criminal. The decision not to participate in the elections and the subsequent attack have heightened tensions in the Northwest and Southwest regions, increasing protection and displacement risks for people living in these regions.
The Future of Central African Republic & Russia’s Attempt to Boost its Arms Sales
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) lost political and military influence after it was dissolved in 1991. Therefore, regaining and reasserting its influence was priority in the recovery plan that began in the 1990s and early 2000s. For the Russian Federation, boosting arms trade and providing military support is important to that cause. A profitable atmosphere for such is Africa; this is because of the recurring conflicts and political instability. This makes up the substantial part of Russia’s military interest in Africa.
Signposts of Struggle. Iran's Enduring Protest Movement.
Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)
The U.S. strike against Soleimani inspired nationalist and anti-Western sentiment in Iran. But Tehran's mishandling of the Ukraine International Airlines crash on January 8, 2020 reinvigorated widespread protest against the Iranian government. While these protest are unlikely to threaten regime survival-at least for now-the underlying economic and political grievances pose a long-term challenge for the government. The regime would likely face more serious problems if there were defections from key units within Iran's security forces and if the protest movement became more centralized and better organized.
The Iraq Uprising: Where Does It Go From Here?
The Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies (BESA)
The killing of Qassem Soleimani could prove to be a turning point in the history of the Middle East as a whole, but first and foremost in Iraq. That country has been contending for months with a popular uprising that has produced chaos and turned it into an arena for a titanic battle between Iran and the US.
Climate risk and response. Physical hazards and socioeconomic impacts
McKinsey Global Institute (MGI)
After more than 10,000 years of relative stability—the full span of human civilization—the Earth’s climate is changing. As average temperatures rise, acute hazards such as heat waves and floods grow in frequency and severity, and chronic hazards, such as drought and rising sea levels, intensify. Here we focus on understanding the nature and extent of physical risk from a changing climate
over the next three decades, exploring physical risk as it is the basis of both transition and liability risks. We estimate inherent physical risk, absent adaptation and mitigation, to dimension the magnitude of the challenge and highlight the case for action.
A Diplomatic Perspective on Stabilisation
Emirates Diplomatic Academy (EDA)
This EDA Working Paper looks at the role of diplomacy in contemporary stabilisation missions. It highlights the need for diplomacy to
occupy a central place in the debate on the future of stabilisation. Diplomacy is a continuum that tries to understand with a long-term vision the causes and consequences of problems and considers the divergence of interests normal, but the conflict as abnormal.
In recent decades, the focus on stabilisation has downgraded the role of international diplomacy, including in the MENA region.