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30 Apr 2020

"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”

  

READING OF THE WEEK

WHO Africa Weekly Bulletin on outbreaks and other emergencies - week 20 - 26 April 2020

World Health Organization – WHO Africa

This Weekly Bulletin focuses on public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 109 events in the region. This week’s main articles cover key new and ongoing events, including: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the WHO African Region, Ebola virus disease in Democratic Republic of the Congo and Lassa fever in Nigeria.

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NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA

Preventing violent extremism in Africa - The role of communications

Institute for Security Studies - ISS

Activities designed to prevent violent extremism in Africa aim at addressing the drivers of violence in communities and regions. However, given challenges like the inaccessibility of rural communities and a lack of participation by the beneficiaries, how can civil society organisations and governments use communications campaigns to reach their target audiences?.

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Impact of the Coronavirus (Covid 19) on the African Economy  

Africa Union - AU

Declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11 March 2020, COVID-19 has become a global emergency, given its impact on the entire world population and the economy. However, as the pandemic progresses slowly on the African continent, studies by international organizations have less addressed the economic impact on individual African countries. Africa, because of its openness to international trade and migration, is not immune to the harmful effects of COVID-19, which are of two kinds: endogenous and exogenous.

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Les crises du COVID-19 en Afrique australe : inquiétudes et premières conséquences

Institut Français des Relations Internationales - IFRI

Au 27 avril, deux pays africains membres de la Communauté de développement d'Afrique australe (CDAA ou SADC selon le sigle anglais) n’avaient pas encore enregistré de cas de COVID-19 : le Lesotho et les Comores. Au regard de cette pandémie et des stratégies mises en place par les dirigeants des pays de la région, quels sont les impacts sanitaires et sociaux et quelles sont les conséquences en termes de gouvernance politique, sécuritaire et économique ?.

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MIDDLE-EAST

Le Liban face à l’épidémie du COVID-19 - une catastrophe de plus ?

Institut Français des Relations Internationales - IFRI

Au Liban, la propagation du COVID-19 reste relativement limitée. À la mi-avril, le pays a enregistré 670 infections et 21 décès pour une population d’environ 7 millions d’habitants. Un succès que les autorités libanaises doivent avant tout à l’imposition de mesures de contrôle draconiennes. En réalité, la crise sanitaire vient amplifier une crise économique sans précédent doublée d’une impasse politique.

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Caution - Dangerous Social Curve Ahead

Institute for National Security Studies - INSS

Israel began easing its lockdown and moving into the next phase of living in the presence of the coronavirus, which will continue in different ways and intensities until a vaccine is found or until the virus disappears. While major emphasis is currently placed on the medical and economic tracks, the social dimension is also a key element that must be addressed. Although it is difficult to gauge, the social curve is no less and perhaps even more critical in managing the crisis over the long term.

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TRANSNATIONAL

Pandemic Mitigation in the Digital Age

The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies & The Austrian Institute for European and Security Policy

As the current coronavirus pandemic proceeds, several governments have already utilized digital epidemiological tools to combat the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, with some early successes. These measures may impact individual privacy rights and therefore threaten to accentuate existing cognitive dissonance within public perceptions of trust in the use of surveillance tools by companies and governments alike in liberal democracies.

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COVID19 - Impact of the Government Measures - Update

Assessment Capacities Project - ACAPS

This report provides an update to previous ACAPS reports that explore measures adopted by governments in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. It explores the relationship between displaced populations and government measures taken in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, which have been identified using data collected in the ACAPS #COVID19 Government Measures Dataset (updated 23/04/20). Data is available for over 190 countries.

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World Economic Outlook - The Great Lockdown

International Monetary Fund - IMF

The world has changed dramatically in the three months since our last World Economic Outlook update on the global economy. The COVID-19 pandemic is inflicting high and rising human costs worldwide. Protecting lives and allowing health care systems to cope have required isolation, lockdowns, and widespread closures to slow the spread of the virus. The health crisis is therefore having a severe impact on economic activity. As a result of the pandemic, the global economy is projected to contract sharply by –3 percent in 2020, much worse than during the 2008–09 financial crisis.

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