29 October 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Building Africa's Renewable energy Future: Recommendations for a Just Transition
South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA)
To shed light on the course of African energy transition processes, this policy brief provides evidence from a comparative analysis of 34 African countries. We present a clear picture of promising policy frameworks and fruitful attempts to realise a higher level of energy justice. South Africa, Rwanda, Kenya, Mauritius, Ethiopia and Egypt may serve as good practice examples for other states currently aiming at a systemic energy transition. Our recommendations for AU-EU cooperation on renewables and a green economy bring in suggestions for further fostering this green paradigm shift through means of consultancy, capacity building and strategies for technology transfer.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
SDG index and Dashboards Report 2020
The Sustainable Development Goals Center for Africa and Sustainable Development Solutions Network
The 2020 Africa SDG Index and Dashboards Report provide an assessment of where African countries stand with respect to the SDGs and their progress toward the goals, with the additional lens of “leave no one behind.” The report also includes a preliminary analysis of the impact of COVID‑19 on the SDGs in Africa.
Situation in Abyei. Report of the Secretary-General
United Nations (UN)
The present report is submitted pursuant to paragraph 33 of Security Council resolution 2497 (2019), in which the Council requested to be informed of progress in implementing the mandate of the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA). It covers the period since the issuance of my previous report (S/2020/308), from 16 April to 15 October 2020. The report provides updates on, inter alia, political developments, the security situation, the operating environment and intercommunal dynamics. The report also provides updates on progress in the implementation of the Joint Border Verification and Monitoring Mechanism.
Central African Republic: Ground Zero for Russian Influence in Central Africa
For almost forty years, Russia was absent from the Central African Republic (CAR) and did not figure prominently in the country’s politics. Moscow’s diplomatic outpost in Bangui, an imposing structure topped with antiquated communications gear, had been largely empty, and its minimal staff was completely disengaged from the local scene. In the 1970s, however, the building had been an active hub for Soviet diplomacy.
The Lebanese Crisis and the Mirage of Natural Gas
Instituto Affari Internazionali (IaI)
Amid the deep financial, political and infrastructural crisis that Lebanon is facing, gas discoveries could represent a means to revive the economy, boost employment, sustain the crippled national energy sector and limit Lebanon’s dependence on foreign energy imports.
The Coronavirus Crisis and the Opportunity for Social Transformation
Institute for National Security Studies (INSS)
Eight months after the eruption of the coronavirus pandemic in Israel, and after the imposition of two lockdowns aimed at “flattening the curve of infection,” it is apparent that the root reasons for Israel’s failure to defeat the pandemic do not lie solely in the limited resources of the health system, the country’s economic difficulties, the eroding status of the legislative and the judicial branches, or the narrow coalition considerations designed to ensure the government’s survival. Rather, the main challenge stems from the diminishing social solidarity in Israel. The pandemic and the ensuing crisis reflect poorly on Israeli society, but also offer an opportunity for social transformation through profound explorations concerning what can lead Israel to a renewed sociopolitical structure based on the principles of a revived common purpose.
Integrating Forecast based Action in an Existing Early Warning System: Learning the Context
International Center for Humanitarian Affairs (ICHA) and Red Cross
Globally, natural disasters have continued to increase over time and they are exacting a heavy toll on countries and vulnerable communities. Climate related disasters such as floods and droughts have become increasingly frequent since the late 1990s, pushing the average number of disasters per year to 329 in the last 20-years, this has doubled if compared to disasters experienced between 1978 and 1997.
Tackling Illicit Financial Flows for Sustainable Development in Africa
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
The year 2020 is a milestone for Africa and for multilateralism. As many African countries celebrate their sixtieth anniversary of gaining independence from colonial rulers, the continent is making a significant stride towards transforming the promises of the 1960s
into a reality as the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) was due to open for trading on 1 July 2020, but had to be postponed due to the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak. AfCFTA is a landmark achievement on the continent’s journey towards greater integration and prosperity.