29 July 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Climate Change and Violent Extremism in the Lake Chad Basin: Key Issues and Way Forward
The Wilson Center
Climate change is increasingly threatening state stability and human security across most developing countries. While there is no mono-causal link between climate change and conflict, the impact of environmental change and population displacement cannot be underestimated. In the global security context, climate change is better understood as a “threat multiplier” that interacts with and compounds existing risks and vulnerabilities to cause conflict.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Localizing the 2030 Agenda in West Africa: Building on What Works
International Peace Institute (IPI)
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is one of the few uncontested multilateral achievements of our time. Despite advancement in some areas, it is widely acknowledged that the world is not on track to achieve the SDGs, and progress is uneven across different goals and countries. This report highlights the path some West African countries have taken toward developing locally led strategies for implementing the 2030 Agenda.
Le Ghana, le bon élève du FMI, face à la pandémie économique de 2020
Policy Center for the New South
Depuis 2018, le Ghana est considéré par le Fonds monétaire international (FMI) comme le bon élève de l'Afrique. Suite à la pandémie économique, consécutive à la Covid-19, mais, aussi, suite à la crise pétrolière qui l'a précédée, les prévisions faites à la fin de l'année 2019, concernant les années 2020 /2021 et 2022, ne sont plus d'actualité. Et aujourd'hui, en juillet 2020, les défis à relever par l'économie du pays sont nombreux et complexes.
Central African Republic: Chinese Mining Companies have moved on but need for Investigation, Account
La Voix de Koyale, a community radio station, and Corbeau News Centrafrique reported that seven people died in river at the abandoned mining sites along the Ouham River over a seven-day period in late April. According to the media reports, these deaths may have been caused by the condition in which the river was left after the mining companies abandoned the sites.
Transnational Organized Crime and Peacebuilding in East Africa
The Wilson Center
Africa’s most serious security challenges today include undemocratic regimes, terrorism, conflict, climate change, underdevelopment, poverty, and corruption. Within this insecure environment, transnational organized crime (TOC) deserves attention as it harms state-building, human security, and economic development. Though TOC impacts both developed and developing countries, it is a particularly potent threat to fragile, conflict-affected countries. East African countries are a prime example.
Iran and China: On the Way to a Long-Term Strategic Agreement
Institute for National Security Studies (INSS)
On July 11, 2020, the New York Times published the draft of a 25-year strategic agreement between Iran and China leaked by sources in Tehran, to the dismay of Beijing. According to the draft, China will receive priority in billions of dollars of infrastructure investments in Iran, and a regular supply of oil and gas at a substantial discount, while military cooperation between the two countries will increase.
How Southern Syria Has Been Transformed Into a Regional Powder Keg
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Syria’s conflict has transformed the country’s southern border region into a zone of regional contention. The status quo there, largely forged and maintained by Russia since 2018, aims to prevent expanded control by the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and Iranian and pro-Iranian military forces, which could trigger a regional confrontation.
What can Trade tell us about Economic Transformation? Composition of Trade and Structural Transformation in African Countries
Policy Center for the New South
The Economic Report on Africa noted that “[m]eaningful economic transformation remains a major development challenge in Africa despite increased GDP growth over the last decade”. The same report concluded that transforming African economies from low-income agrarian economies to high-income industrialized ones remains a major development challenge.
Impact of COVID-19 in Africa - A scenario analysis to 2030
Institute for Security Studies (ISS)
This report presents three scenarios on the impact of COVID-19 in Africa using economic growth forecasts, mortality and efforts to ameliorate impact through social grants. Likely effects are examined on per capita income, poverty and the attainment of selected Sustainable Development Goals targets. The pandemic threatens Africa in several ways, and the report provides policy recommendations to reduce vulnerability and strengthen resilience.
Migration as opportunity- Innovation, policies and practice
Overseas Development Institute (ODI)
In recent years, the links between migration and sustainable development have increasingly been recognised in theory and policy discussions. This working paper explores how programmatic interventions can better support this potential, drawing on existing models and examples of good practice. It puts forward a framework for facilitating what is termed ‘productive migration’ – in which the socioeconomic benefits of migration are unlocked to the advantage of all.