29 April 2021
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READING OF THE WEEK
Maritime Governance Brief - Gulf of Guinea: Piracy-Graphics 2020
Center for Maritime Law & Security (CEMLAWS Africa)
Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea, in 2020, revealed a continuity from previous years as well as new and emerging trends, particularly regarding the modus operandi of Pirate Action Groups (PAGs). This report provides a graphical overview of 2020 incidents, an illustration of the threat dynamics, trends and increasing risks, as well as how this will likely shape the dynamics for 2021. The paper concludes with a number of recommendations to improve the conditions at sea and hence prevent and contain the piracy threat in the Gulf of Guinea.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Tunisie : la démocratie à l’épreuve de la transition économique
Policy Center for the New South (PCNS)
Aujourd’hui, alors que la Tunisie s’engage sur le chemin de la démocratie, la situation socio-économique demeure parsemée de failles. Ce Policy Paper se propose d’explorer les origines socio-économiques de la révolution, l’échec de la révolution à traduire la démocratie en progrès social, et la corrélation entre l’incapacité de la démocratie à tenir ses promesses socio-économiques et la prolifération des conflits sociaux, qui commencent à prendre des proportions inquiétantes.
Sudan Elections: principles of representation
The Rift Valley Institute
Following the overthrow of President Omar al-Bashir in April 2019, Sudan began a process to transition to democracy. Key amongst the challenges to address in the preparation of elections are the principles of representation and demarcation, which have been hotly contested in Sudan’s previous polls. This briefing paper discusses how previous electoral systems in Sudan have addressed three key questions about representation and identifies some lessons that can be drawn from these in planning for the next elections.
Report of the Secretary-General on the situation in Abyei
United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
This report covers the period since the issuance of the Secretary-General previous report, from 16 October 2020 to 15 April 2021. It provides updates on, inter alia, political developments and intercommunal dynamics, the security context, the humanitarian situation and UNISFA assistance to the Joint Border Verification and Monitoring Mechanism and on interactions with the Governments of the Sudan and South Sudan in relation to the implementation of the mission’s mandate.
Angola Update - Cabinda separatism
Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI)
Various separatist movements have been active in the Cabinda enclave in northern Angola since independence. Although never successful in gaining territory or any significant concessions, the guerrillas gained international attention with an attack on the Togo national football team in 2010. Today, armed resistance seems to be replaced by an upsurge in non-violent protests, at the same time as violent government suppression continues, due to the importance of Cabinda as an oil-producing province.
Enhanced Russian Involvement in Lebanon?
Institute for National Security Studies (INSS)
The political deadlock and severe economic crisis in Lebanon have prompted political leaders in the country to search for political backing from Moscow, and to invite Russian companies to invest in infrastructure and energy projects in Lebanon. Against the backdrop of the crisis in Lebanon, the stream of visits to Moscow by Lebanese politicians raises the question of Russia's interests in the country and its ability to contribute to Lebanese stability.
Watchdogs of Pause: The Challenges of Ceasefire Monitoring in Yemen
Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO)
In 2018, the Government of Yemen and the Houthis concluded the UN-mediated Stockholm Agreement in which they agreed on a ceasefire in Hodeidah to be overseen by a UN monitoring mission. As of 2020, the implementation of the ceasefire is stalled, and the humanitarian situation has not improved. The purpose of this article is to provide a descriptive analysis of the challenges that UNMHA monitors have faced in Yemen. The empirical analysis focuses on four key factors: agreement quality, changes in the operational environment, the monitoring mission’s relation to the mediator, and conflict parties’ commitment to the ceasefire.
Lessons from community-based initiatives to prevent violence
Institute for Security Studies (ISS Africa)
Community-based organisations can make a significant long-term contribution to the development of communities and the prevention of violence, while strengthening social cohesion. This report presents case studies of three long-standing community initiatives, showing the multiple social benefits they bring in challenging contexts.
La vaccination peut-elle guérir le monde de la Covid-19 ?
Policy Center for the New South (PCNS)
Pour éradiquer la pandémie de la Covid-19, les pays mobilisent d’énormes efforts pour vacciner leurs populations et réussir ainsi à atteindre l’immunité collective. L’objet de ce Papier est d’évaluer l’efficacité de la vaccination anti Covid-19, autrement dit sa capacité à stopper réellement la progression des infections et des décès. Pour répondre à cette interrogation, un travail de recherche a été effectué par les auteurs pour estimer les premiers impacts potentiels de la vaccination dans un certain nombre de pays qui ont les taux de vaccination les plus élevés au sein de leur continent (Israël, Etats-Unis, Royaume- Uni) et au sein de l’Union européenne.
Five Big Bets for the Circular Economy in Africa
African Development Bank (AfDB)
Why is the circular economy key to achieving sustainable growth? For African countries, circular solutions can be leveraged to attain various climate action obligations and sustainable development goals. This is an opportunity to tackle issues such as poverty, poor infrastructure and unemployment, among others that have hindered economic development. The research findings highlight five opportunity areas to transition Africa to a circular economy development model based on a set of criteria including circularity potential, economic significance, transformative impact potential and momentum.