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27 May 2021

"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention"

READING OF THE WEEK

Inclusion in Crisis Response, Recovery and Resilience

Institute of Development Studies

What has worked to include people in humanitarian assistance who experience heightened vulnerability during crises, due to social inequalities and discrimination relating to gender, age, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity and/or expression, and sex characteristics; and religious belief? Overall, robust evidence is limited for what are, in most cases, relatively new areas of practice in challenging crisis situations.


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NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA

Nuclear Revival in North Africa? Developments in Algeria, Libya, and Egypt

South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA)

This paper explores nuclear science and technology through the prism of three North African case studies: Algeria, Egypt and Libya. All three countries have constructed research reactors, albeit in different periods. This report analyses and contrasts their capabilities and technologies, while paying attention to instances of collaboration between the three North African countries on nuclear science and technology.

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Prioritizing and Sequencing Security Council Mandates: The Case of UNITAMS

International Peace Institute (IPI)

In June 2021, the UN Security Council is expected to renew the mandate of the United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS) for the first time. In this context, a virtual workshop was organized on April 26, 2021, to discuss UNITAMS's mandate and political strategy. The workshop offered a forum for member-state representatives, UN officials, and outside experts to develop a shared understanding and common strategic assessment of the situation in Sudan.

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Dealing with a difficult past - Time to revitalise the Ethiopian Reconciliation Commission?

Institute for Security Studies (ISS)

One of the most striking consequences of Ethiopia's current political transition is the unveiling of the urgent and unequivocal need for reconciliation. Grievances emanating from historical issues continue to dominate current political discourses and dispensations, contributing to the existing political polarisation, perpetuation of political violence and low state of national cohesion. Thus, the need to come to terms with the past and reduce the burden of history is particularly pressing now.

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A Vote for Change: Somaliland"s Two Decades Old Electoral Democracy

Academy for Peace and Development (APD)

Somaliland's electoral history is rather unique in a troubled part of the world where democratic norms and values are not respected. The combined elections at the end of May 2021 are crucial for the country's political stability and democratic credentials for five main reasons: delaying the parliamentary elections; new voter access to other regions; role of traditional institutions and informal players in the selection of candidates; the role of western donors in Somaliland elections; and the nonexistent role women play in a highly polarized, clan-based society.

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MIDDLE-EAST

Voices on the Ground: Lebanon's Economic Crisis

Brussels International Center (BIC)

Lebanon has been in a severe economic crisis since October 2019. This state of the Lebanese economy was a result of the public sector debt; the over lending of banks rendering them essentially bankrupt; a lack of economic growth and political corruption. Further, inflation rates in the country already riddled with corruption has severed the trust of the international community who have hesitated to provide aid, and the Lebanese lira, once pegged to the US dollar, is now nearly worthless. The security implications of this ongoing economic crisis could pivot the country into greater unrest, or even full out civil war.

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Yemen Crisis impact overview - Key humanitarian developments in 2020 and outlook for 2021

Assessment Capacities Project (ACAPS)

This report aims to inform humanitarian decisions and planning by summarising key developments that affected the humanitarian situation in Yemen in 2020 and highlighting issues to watch in 2021. There were several attempts at peaceful solutions or ceasefires. While these attempts contributed to decreased civilian casualties and resulted in smaller pockets of conflict, the agreements were usually bilateral and focused on a specific location and/or issue, making them fragile and often brief.

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TRANSNATIONAL

Report of the Secretary-General on Protection of civilians in armed conflict

United Nations Security Council

Armed conflict continued to be characterized by high levels of civilian death, injury and psychological trauma, sexual violence, torture and disappearance, as well as damaged and destroyed homes, schools, markets, hospitals and essential civilian infrastructure, such as electrical and water systems. The threat of famine resurfaced, with the worst hunger and highest risks of famine clustered in conflict-affected areas. Conflict, environmental degradation and climate risks converged, with vast humanitarian consequences.

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Perceived tenure security as a tool for understanding the conflict context and predicting violent conflict

Overseas Development Institute (ODI)

Land is central to violent conflict. Over the period 2000-2015, land was an element in over half of violent conflicts, and "where there is conflict, land and natural resources issues are often found among the root causes or as major contributing factors". UN Habitat notes that, in the coming decades, "land is likely to become even more important as a factor in conflicts". With challenges such as climate change, population growth and the "youth bulge", migration, urbanisation and rising food insecurity are all likely to intensify competition over land.

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Rethinking Resilience - The role of women in community responses to organized crime

Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime

The role of women in resilience responses to organized crime is generally unexplored, and this paper is intended as the beginning of a narrative that seeks to deepen understanding of this dynamic. This brief explores the roles women play in community resilience to organized crime, the socio-economic factors shaping these roles and the challenges associated with them, highlighting typologies of how women act as change-makers in driving resistance to organized crime and criminal governance.

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