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27 Jun 2019

"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”

 
 

READING OF THE WEEK

The mobile economy - West Africa 2019

GSMA 

3G will overtake 2G in 2019 to become the leading mobile technology in West Africa, accounting for 49% of total connections by the end of the year. 3G adoption in the subregion has doubled over the last two years as a result of continued operator investment in network expansion to previously underserved areas.

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NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA

The Algerian Crisis: Origins and Prospects for a “Second Republic” 

Al Jazeera Centre for Studies

The Analyzing an unfolding crisis is always a challenging undertaking, especially when analyzing a country like Algeria whose history is quite complex. This paper will provide first a cursory perspective on the period that preceded the current crisis. The paper will also analyze the demands/grievances of the millions of the protestors and how they articulated those demands, which matured in response to the actions of the fragile government and the decisions of the military’s strongman, Ahmed Gaïd Salah (aka AGS).

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Transitioning to National Forces in Somalia: More Than an Exit for AMISOM

International Peace Institute

Since December 2006, international forces have provided security for Mogadishu and large parts of Somalia in the absence of state authority and Somali security forces capable of tackling conflict between armed militias and the terrorist threat of al-Shabab. In March 2007, the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) deployed to Mogadishu, authorized by the UN Security Council to create the space for peacebuilding and reconciliation in the country. At the time, the African Union (AU) and Security Council expected that the United Nations would begin planning to deploy a UN peacekeeping operation to take over from the AU force.

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UN Mediation in Libya: Peace Still a Distant Prospect

Center for Security Studies

Over the past five years, the Libyan conflict seems to have defied mediation efforts, which could have dire consequences for Libyans, for Libya’s neighbors and Europe. Despite its shortcomings, the UN’s approach remains the dominant framework for finding a political solution. However, the UN process will continue to falter as long as relevant regional and international actors work at cross purposes.

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MIDDLE-EAST   

The Reconstruction of Iraq after 2003, Learning from Its  Successes and Failures

World Bank Group

The study assesses several dimensions of Iraq’s reconstruction. First, it considers the response of key international actors, such as the United Nations (UN), the World Bank, the United States and other bilateral donors—specifically, the European Union, Japan, and the United Kingdom—as well as nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). Second, it analyzes the process and results of the reconstruction of key sectors—electricity, oil, education, and health—in addition to interventions pertaining to institution building and governance reform, with a focus on decentralization, corruption, and private sector development.

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TRANSNATIONAL

The World Food Programme’s Contribution to Improving the Prospects for Peace

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

After decades of progress in reducing world hunger, the number of undernourished people worldwide has been increasing since 2014. The two main drivers of this change are violent conflict and climate change. Today, an estimated 2 billion people live in fragile and conflict-affected areas of the world where they are extremely vulnerable to the impact of conflicts and disasters. In addition, there are more crises that affect more people and last longer than a decade ago.

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The political economy of agricultural growth corridors in eastern Africa

Agricultural Policy Research in Africa

A new wave of agricultural commercialisation is being promoted across Africa’s eastern seaboard, by a broad range of influential actors – from international corporations to domestic political and business elites. Growth corridors, linking infrastructure development, mining and agriculture for export, are central to this, and are generating a new spatial politics as formerly remote borders and hinterlands are expected to be transformed through foreign investment and aid projects..

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