26 Mar 2020
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READING OF THE WEEK
International Actors’ Support on Inclusive Peace Processes
Knowledge, Evidence and Learning for Development - K4D
What are common findings from evaluations of how international actors have supported inclusive peace processes? Lesson learning has played an important role in advancing the way peace processes are designed, negotiated and implemented. Although no two conflicts are alike, there are a number of lessons and practices that authors suggest can be transferred from one context to another.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
The Moroccan Diaspora and Public Policy
Policy Center for the New South
The Moroccan diaspora contributes in major ways to Morocco’s economic development. Moroccan migrants ease the country’s chronic unemployment and underemployment problems, send remittances, invest in the home country, and typically visit Morocco frequently as tourists. Drawing on the relatively small number of studies of the subject and the very sparse data available, this note examines the drivers of Moroccan emigration and the different ways the diaspora affects the economy.
Special Report on the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur
United Nations Security Council
The Security Council, in its resolution 2495 (2019) of 31 October 2019, requested the Chairperson of the African Union Commission and the Secretary-General of the United Nations to provide a special report no later than 31 January 2020, presenting an assessment of the situation on the ground in Darfur, an update on the peace process, information on the status of previously handed-over team sites of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID), recommendations and options for a follow-on presence to the mission.
Resilient ecosystems and disaster risk reduction: Opportunities for coastal cities in Africa
South African Institute of International Affairs - SAIIA
Natural disasters are a threat to both natural and human systems. As climate change will continue having devastating effects on African coastal cities, it is necessary to adapt to such impacts. Climate-resilient ecosystems have an important role to play in climate adaptation and disaster risk reduction, particularly in African coastal cities and developing countries.
Angolan futures 2050 - Beyond oil
Institute for Security Studies - ISS
Quality education and a good standard of living remain out of reach for most Angolans, despite decades of rapid economic growth. The oil price-induced economic downturn beginning in 2014 exacerbated already high levels of severe poverty, particularly in the rural provinces. This report explores the impacts of different developmental agendas on Angola’s growth trajectory.
Les économies du Golfe et la transition énergétique
Institut Français des Relations Internationales - IFRI
Les économies des pays du golfe Arabo-Persique sont très dépendantes du pétrole qu’elles exportent surtout vers l’Asie. Cette source d’énergie – considérée comme partiellement responsable du réchauffement climatique – est amenée à être de moins en moins demandée. Les États de la région anticipent les conséquences de cette baisse de la demande en cherchant à diversifier leur économie.
Preventing a Deadly Showdown in Northern Yemen
International Crisis Group - ICG
The Huthis are moving on Marib, the last stronghold of Yemen’s internationally recognised government in the country’s north. A battle for Marib city and the eponymous governorate could trigger mass civilian displacement, shift the war for the north decisively in the Huthis’ favour and open new rounds of combat along the border with Saudi Arabia and in the south.
The Price of Peace: Securing UN Financing for AU Peace Operations
International Crisis Group - ICG
Since its founding in 2002, the AU has assumed greater responsibility for maintaining peace and security in Africa, including through peace support operations. A proposal to use UN assessed contributions as a means of providing sustainable and predictable financing for African Union (AU) peace support operations is perhaps the most contentious issue facing the two institutions. Central to the dispute are doubts about the AU’s ability to pay its share.
Policy Steps to Address the Corona Crisis
International Monetary Fund - IMF
Monitoring, containing and mitigating the effects of the corona virus are top priorities. Timely and decisive actions by health authorities, central banks, fiscal, regulatory and supervisory authorities can help contain the virus outbreak and offset the economic impact of the pandemic.
Use of Diplomatic Assurances in Terrorism-related Cases
International Centre for Counter-Terrorism - ICCT
In times of insecurity and terrorism threats, governments take several measures that intend to contribute to security, or at least to minimise the risks of insecurity. When dealing with suspected terrorists who are not nationals or against whom criminal charges are issued in third countries, governments might be more inclined to expel, return, extradite or otherwise transfer this individual to another country.