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26 AUGUST 2021

"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention"

READING OF THE WEEK

China's BRI and the AfCFTA: Potential Overlaps, Complementarities and Challenges

South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA)

African countries have an opportunity to embark on more interconnected trade in the wake of the new African Continental Free Trade Area. This theme of interconnectivity resonates with China's Belt and Road Initiative, a massive infrastructure and services expansion project that forms the centerpiece of President Xi Jinping's foreign policy. China is the African continent's largest bilateral trading partner. What opportunities will emerge from linking China's Belt and Road Initiative to Africa via the African Continental Free Trade Area? And what will be some of the challenges? This paper offers perspectives on current developments in the Belt and Road Initiative and the African Continental Free Trade Area.

READ HERE


NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA

The Tigray War and the African Union

Policy Center for the New South

The ongoing war in the Tigray region of Ethiopia has resulted in the world's worst humanitarian crisis in a decade. The escalating conflict has led to the death and displacement of thousands of civilians, raised ethnic tensions in Ethiopia, and caused a food crisis that could lead to widespread famine. Here, we look at the short-term causes of this war, highlighting Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed's strategic errors, inlight of long-standing debates about Ethiopian statehood and ethno-federalism.

We also examine the role of the African Union in this conflict, including the debate between Realist and Liberal scholars about the African Union's agency.

Read here

Summary Report on Energy Access Mozambique

IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM)

This report is a summary of the analysis of the second data collection exercise (Round 2) of Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Multi-Sectoral Location Assessment (MLSA) in the Northern provinces of Mozambique that specifically includes energy-related questions.
The summary report is organized according to two main topics (energy access at the household level and at the community facilities level) and six thematic areas (cooking, electricity, (household) lighting, space heating and cooling, streetlighting, and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). Electricity is often powering lighting, space heating and cooling, streetlighting, and sometimes cooking and WASH activities.

Read here

Lithium-Cobalt Value Chain Analysis for Mineral Based Industrialization in Africa

The African Natural Resources Centre (ANRC)

The world is about to witness a revolution in the transport system as countries and developmental organizations, at global and regional levels, ratify a raft of new laws and guidance on the adoption of the Electric Vehicle (EV). Electrical vehicles offer an alternative to the internal combustion engine (ICE) in a bid to reduce the use of fossil fuel. The solution to reducing fossil fuel emissions lies in the production of Lithium ion batteries (LIB), which use several mineral, among them lithium and cobalt (Li-Co), manganese, nickel, rare earth elements (REE), ... , as well as phosphate. In Africa, many countries are endowed with these minerals, which allows them to benefit from this
opportunity. In addition to export earnings, African countries aspire to derive greater economic value from their mineral resources and one of the assured ways is through linkage development.

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Vaccine Diplomacy and Beyond: New Trends in Chinese Image-Building in Africa

South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA)

In the face of growing tensions between the US and China, Beijing's relationships with the Global South are taking on particular salience. Africa has long been a testing ground for Chinese public diplomacy tools. The COVID-19 pandemic has proven important in this regard. However, while China's so-called mask and vaccine diplomacy has drawn a lot of comment, many of these approaches reflect trends in Chinese public diplomacy that predate the current crisis. This paper maps and contextualises new developments in China's use of public diplomacy in Africa.

Read here


MIDDLE-EAST

Lebanese crisis: is Hezbollah politicising social aid?

Brussels International Center (BIC)

A field-based commentary from Beirut showcasing how Lebanese parties such as Hezbollah are using food aid as a political tool in the midst of an unprecedented crisis. Last Spring, Hezbollah began distributing magnetic cards that allow its supporters to receive a cash allowance and large discounts on basic goods. The so-called "al-Sajjad" card.

READ HERE

The Reform That Will Kill Israeli Agriculture

The Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies (BESA)

Agriculture is a strategic national asset in Israel and its existence cannot be subject to short-term cost-benefit considerations. Without an extensive agricultural presence in the Galilee and the Negev, Israel will lose its governance in considerable areas of its sovereign territory.

READ HERE


TRANSNATIONAL

Understanding Ecosystem-Based Adaptation Approaches (Nature-based solutions to climate change challenges)

Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)

Nature-based Solutions (NbS) to climate- and development-related challenges have recently gained attention in development cooperation. This Working Paper focuses on nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation, also known as Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA). It provides an overview of selected lessons learnt from EbA in the context of development cooperation, with a particular emphasis on the opportunities and risks regarding poverty alleviation and rights.

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The role of central banks in tackling climate change

Overseas Development Institute (ODI)

This resource looks at the role that central banks and other financial regulators can play in mitigating climate-related risks to financial institutions and systems.

It is intended to support NGOs to understand and use the financial indicators in the 2020 Climate Transparency Report, the world's most comprehensive annual review of G20 countries' climate action and their transition to a netzero emissions economy.

Read here


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