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26 August 2020

"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”

 
 

READING OF THE WEEK

Technology for development and inclusion in Africa

South African Institute of international Affairs (SAIIA)

As the world becomes increasingly connected through technology and digital innovations, technology is also being framed as a panacea for developmental issues. While technology has clear commercial value, its use for social good is more complex. This policy briefing discusses how the digital divide plays out in Africa, and how concepts of inclusion and equity need to be considered in technology interventions to overcome (rather than exacerbate) this.

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NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA

Tunisia Monetary Policy Since the Arab Spring: The Fall of the Exchange Rate Anchor and Rise of Inflation Targeting

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Tunisia is an interesting case of an emerging market economy that decided to abandon the exchange rate anchor and transition toward an IT regime. This paper presents a retrospective of Tunisia’s monetary policy since the Arab Spring. It extracts the main lessons learned from the design and implementation of monetary policy during the last decade to build a better future for the CBT’s monetary policy.

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Sudan’s Fragile Transition: Toward a Gender-Sensitive Approach

Brussels International Center (BIC)

Women were at the forefront of the Sudanese Revolution (they accounted for an estimated 70% of protesters), protesting systemic gender injustices and the rampant nature of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV). Moreover, women’s overwhelming presence in a revolution fuelled by public discontent regarding the state of the economy is also explained by the gendered nature of economic inequalities. Addressing the roots of the problem requires a comprehensive understanding of structural inequality.

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Forming the next government in Somalia - Key considerations for building consensus

Rift Valley Institute (RVI)

The vote of no confidence on 25 July in the Prime Minister has led to renewed political uncertainty in Somalia. This development comes at a crucial moment in Somalia’s political trajectory. The Presidential term ends on 7 February 2021 and parliament’s term ends on 27 December 2020. There is a growing risk that, regardless of the election model chosen, that election implementation will not be completed before these critical milestones.

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Public narratives and attitudes towards refugees and other migrants - Kenya country profile

Overseas Development Institute (ODI)

Refugees and other migrants represent 2% (around one million people) of Kenya’s overall population. Many have migrated to the country to study, fill labour market gaps in the growing economy, or to seek refuge after displacement. This briefing presents an overview of the key features of policies in Kenya concerning refugees and other migrants, recent trends, public perceptions, and international and national narratives.

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MIDDLE-EAST

Following the Calamity in Beirut: Might the Situation in Lebanon Change?

Institute for National Security Studies (INSS)

Following the series of explosions at the Beirut port on August 4, demonstrations in the city resumed, though with more violence than what was seen in previous protests, and on August 10, the Lebanese government formed in January 2020 by the Hezbollah camp resigned. Emerging against this background are two trends that may signal prospects for change.

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Strangers to strategic partners: Thirty years of Sino-Saudi relations

Atlantic Council

This year marks the thirtieth anniversary of diplomatic relations between China and Saudi Arabia. Over the past three decades, the bilateral relationship has transitioned from one of marginal importance for both countries to a comprehensive strategic partnership. The growth of Sino-Saudi relations has implications beyond the two countries. China’s steadily expanding presence across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has intensified tremendously since the BRI was announced in 2013.

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TRANSNATIONAL

Can Nuclear hit its stride in Africa?

Kleinman Center for Energy Policy

While Africa is home to many energy resources such as oil, gas, and limited hydro–electric power, most African countries still have vastly underdeveloped power sectors. This digest examines how nuclear energy might be able to solve the issue of electrification, or lack thereof, while minimizing Africa’s carbon footprint.

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Key Drivers of Modern Slavery

Knowledge, Evidence and learning for Development (K4D)

What are the key drivers of modern slavery in the 21st century? What evidence is there of the role of serious organised crime? What evidence is there that transparency in supply chains can inhibit modern slavery? This rapid literature review provides evidence on key drivers of modern slavery. It draws on a mixture of academic and grey literature from multinational and bilateral institutions as well as non-government organisations (NGOs) and think tanks.

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The Role of Russian Private Military Contractors in Africa

The Washington Institute (TWI)

It is no secret that Moscow is increasingly utilizing so-called “private military contractors” (PMCs) to pursue foreign policy objectives across the globe, especially in the Middle East and Africa. What has received less attention is that Moscow’s deployment of PMCs follows a pattern: The Kremlin is exploiting a loophole in international law by securing agreements that allow contractors to provide local assistance.

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