25 March 2021
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
War weapons like peanuts’: Mali needs to make SALW proliferation a priority again
Group for Research and Information on Peace and Security (GRIP)
The August 2020 military coup in Mali put on hold several initiatives to combat small arms and light weapons (SALW) proliferation in the country, including the ongoing review of the 2004 Law on Weapons. Amid a worsening security situation owing to the activities of armed groups, criminal undertakings and interpersonal violence, the Transitional authorities should make the fight against SALW proliferation a priority again. As the de facto leaders have engaged in a dramatic overhaul of the institutional architecture, they could seize the opportunity to strengthen the tools to combat SALW proliferation in the long term.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Ethiopia - The Pre-crisis situation in Tigray
Assessment Capacities Project (ACAPS)
This report provides baseline, background, and context information on the Tigray region, referring to the situation before the beginning of the conflict that erupted in November 2020. It was compiled to help inform the humanitarian response.
An explosive situation – Managing arms caches in Africa: the case of the RECSA region
Enhancing Africa's Response to Transnational Organised Crime (ENACT)
Two main challenges relating to the proliferation of small arms and light weapons (SALW) continue to confront most African countries. The first is the issue of how to disarm civilians and manage the factors creating the demand for arms in a sustainable manner. The other is how to ensure that states enhance their physical security and stockpile management (PSSM) standards to prevent the frequent unplanned explosions that wreak havoc on civilian populations and the diversion of state-owned arms and ammunition into civilian hands. This policy brief considers some of the solutions to these problems.
Forces et faiblesses de la CEDEAO en 2021
Policy Center for the New South
Cette étude concerne la Communauté économique des Etats d'Afrique de l'Ouest (CEDEAO), rappelant, tout d'abord, leur diversité géographique, démographique et économique. Montrant ce que ces Etats ont en commun mais, aussi, ce qui les différencie. La CEDEAO, qui réunit quinze pays parmi les plus pauvres de la planète, si on se réfère à leur PIB par habitant, en dollar courant ou en parité de pouvoir d'achat/PPA/. Ce qui explique une démographie explosive, sans que l'on puisse dire si elle en est la cause ou la conséquence, éternel débat.
LIRE LA SUITE
Les réseaux sociaux centrafricains à l’aube des élections : symptôme avancé d’une crise politique à venir
Institut Français des Relations Internationales (IFRI)
Bien que la Centrafrique reste un pays très faiblement connecté avec un taux de pénétration d’internet de 14 % en 2020, on note un début d’appropriation citoyenne de l’usage des réseaux sociaux. Largement dominés par les élites représentées par la classe politique et les membres de la société civile, les réseaux sociaux regorgent de possibilités d’un nouveau genre pour l’engagement citoyen et la communication politique. Sur ce nouveau terrain, inspiré par les Russes, le parti présidentiel semble dominer le jeu. L’opposition a intégré l’importance des réseaux sociaux sans pour autant s’y être pleinement investie.
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Why Broadening Negotiations Could Help Resolve the Kuwaiti-Iraqi Maritime Dispute
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Border disputes have long characterized the Middle East. Iraqi-Kuwaiti border relations are no exception. The United Nations was the main conduit for relations during the 1990s. Today, UN mediation has been replaced by an Iraqi-Kuwaiti ministerial committee. As with any relationship between states, Kuwaiti and Iraqi interests are not always aligned. This was evident between August 2019 and March 2020, when the countries expressed grievances over their maritime borders in letters to the UN. Although the UN demarcated the Iraqi-Kuwaiti land border in 1993, it did not do so for the entire length of the maritime boundaries, leaving this to the two states.
De-Securitising and Re-Prioritising EU-Iraq Relations
Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI)
While historically, geographically and politically Located at the heart of the Middle East, connecting the Levant to the Persian Gulf, Iraq has always been at the centre of regional dynamics. Iraq has never been at the core of European policy in the Middle East. From Brussels, Iraq has mostly been considered as falling under the US area of responsibilities, independently from the close economic ties between certain European states and Saddam Hussein’s Iraq prior to the international sanctions regime, or the participation of five European countries in the US-led invasion and occupation of the country.
The Role of Drones in Future Terrorist Attacks
Association of the United States Army (AUSA)
The technology of today, while impressive, is developing the tactics and techniques of future terrorist attacks. The most prescient current technology that will enable future terrorist attacks is the drone. Drones have the ability of providing standoff, which can enable terrorists to conduct multiple attacks nearly simultaneously, rapidly magnifying their overall effect.
Can Disaster Preparedness Change the Game? Mitigating the Health Impact of Disease Outbreaks
Economic Research Forum (ERF)
In times of epidemics and pandemics, depletion or diversion of health system resources from routine health care is common, posing serious threats to primary care. This paper estimates the contemporaneous and long-run effects of health disasters on maternal and child mortality in 111 countries during 2000-2019 using two-way fixed-effects and two-step system general method of moments frameworks. We also provide evidence that indicates how health system, macroeconomic, institutional, and structural characteristics can mitigate disaster effects.
The Impact of International Migration on Inclusive Growth - A Review
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
International migration is an important channel of material improvement for individuals and their offspring. The movement of people across country borders, especially from less developed to richer countries, has a substantial impact in several dimensions. This paper surveys our understanding of how migration affects growth and inequality through the impact on migrants themselves as well as on the destination and origin countries.