24 September 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
The African Continental Free Trade Area - Economic and Distributional Effects
World Bank Group
Creating a continent-wide market will require a determined effort to reduce all trade costs. This will require legislation to enable goods, capital, and information to flow freely and easily across the African borders. Competitive business environments will boost productivity and investment. Increased foreign competition will put pressure on domestic firms to increase productivity or risk losing market share. This report is designed to guide policy makers as they continue the process of negotiating and implementing the agreement.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Gauging Maritime Security in West and Central Africa
On June 25, 2013, 25 countries from West and Central Africa gathered in Yaoundé, Cameroon, to sign the Yaoundé Code of Conduct (YCOC), a comprehensive regional maritime security framework aimed at enhancing cooperation and information-sharing in the wider Gulf of Guinea. Despite piracy and armed robbery at sea being key drivers of its creation, the YCOC focuses on myriad illicit maritime activities, including illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing, maritime terrorism, narcotics and wildlife trafficking, and maritime pollution.
Nuclear energy and techno-nationalism in Egypt
South African Institute of international Affairs (SAIIA)
Egypt’s plans to build a nuclear power plant in Dabaa (a city on the Mediterranean Sea), in agreement with Russia’s ROSATOM, are underway. This policy briefing describes the politics behind the project. To do so, it first provides a background of the project, including a historical overview of Egyptian proposals and pauses in terms of nuclear energy development.
Constitutional design options for Ethiopia - Managing ethnic divisions
Institute for Security Studies (ISS)
Ethiopia’s political landscape has long been fraught with contending nationalisms with diverse, and at times contradictory, visions for managing ethnic division. While some political forces have advocated policies that could facilitate strongly convergent politics, others have stressed the need to effectively address the country’s age-old ‘nationalities’ question.
Gender-Based Violence and Violence Against Children Prevention and Response Services in Uganda’s Refugee-Hosting Districts
World Bank Group
Uganda currently hosts the third-largest refugee population in the world, and the largest in Africa. Women and children comprise 82 percent of Uganda’s overall refugee population, about 56 percent of refugees are below the age of 15, and 25 percent are younger than five years of age (World Bank 2019). Gender-based violence (GBV) and violence against children (VAC) are key protection concerns for refugees and host communities alike, with women and girls disproportionately affected.
Analysis of vulnerabilities and affected areas in Greater Beirut
Assessment Capacities Project (ACAPS)
On 4 August a large explosion occurred in the port of Beirut, killing at least 191 people and injuring over 6,500. Around 40,000 buildings were damaged, up to 300,000 people may have lost their homes, and at least 70,000 their job. This report presents a comprehensive review of secondary and primary data available on the most affected areas and the main vulnerable groups within the population affected by the blast.
The Israeli Economy on the Eve of the Second Lockdown: A Strategic Outline for the Future
Institute for National Security Studies (INSS)
Israel has lost control over the spread of coronavirus, and the government has decided to impose a second nation-wide lockdown. The economic and social crisis caused by the virus affects a large group of people, especially among the middle class working in the private sector. This article describes the main aspects of the economic situation before the second lockdown, and presents an outline for future management of the crisis.
A Sustainable and Equitable Blue Recovery to the COVID-19 Crisis
High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy (Ocean Panel)
Over a third of the world’s population lives within 100 kilometres of the ocean. Despite this, the role the ocean plays in sustaining human life and the global economy is often underappreciated and overlooked. The COVID-19 pandemic has had severe ramifications worldwide, and the ocean economy is no exception. The ocean economy may be a victim of the impacts of the COVID-19 crisis, but it also holds solutions for rebuilding a more resilient, sustainable and equitable post-COVID world.
The Geopolitics of 5G
Italian Institute for International Political Studies (ISPI)
5G technologies are reshaping the way users experience the digital sphere and, thus, their daily lives. 5G is one of the game changers that would further enable cyberspace’s potentialities for our societies, economies, and lifestyle. Yet, there are multiple and contrasting geopolitical interests and security concerns regarding 5G adoptions and implementations. What are the political and securitarian implications of such technological disputes? How are states dealing with the security of 5G technologies?
Money laundering and terrorism financing trends in MONEYVAL jurisdictions during the COVID-19 crisis
Council of Europe
Since the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak, the Global community involved in anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT), including MONEYVAL, has taken measures to identify challenges, good practices and policy responses to new threats and trends arising from this crisis. The goal of this exercise is to provide MONEYVAL countries with an overview of the impact of COVID-19 crisis on AML/CFT systems from a regional perspective, the measures taken by jurisdictions to mitigate this impact and possible recommendations.