23 September 2021
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention"
READING OF THE WEEK
Gender-Responsive Climate Programming for Sustaining Peace in Africa
Cairo International Center for Conflict Resolution
A United Nations policy brief indicates that women are 80 percent more likely to be displaced by climate change than men. Climate change and its associated impacts, including droughts, floods and extreme weather events, generate a cascade of multi-faceted risks which affect women and men differently. In some African countries, these risks are further aggravated due to the concurrence of crises, including the COVID-19 pandemic and ongoing conflict, undermining the resilience of governments and communities and overstretching their resources.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation in South Sudan
United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
The present report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2567 (2021), by which the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) to 15 March 2022 and requested the Secretary-General to report on the implementation of the Mission's mandate every 90 days. It covers political and security developments, the humanitarian and human rights situation in South Sudan, and progress towards the implementation of the Mission's mandate from 1 June to 31 August 2021.
La femme marocaine dans le Nouveau Modèle de Développement
Policy Center for the New South (PCNS)
La politique en faveur des droits des femmes s'est imposée durant les dernières années comme une politique de l'égalité entre les sexes. Au Maroc, pays qui, depuis l'adoption de la Constitution de 2011, se réfère à un universel neutre de la citoyenneté, le Nouveau Modèle de Développement (2018 – 2021), élaboré dans la perspective de répondre aux besoins de la nouvelle société marocaine, est perçu au regard du droit des femmes comme une forme de révolution copernicienne, tellement il insiste sur l'émancipation féminine et l'égalité des genres en vue d'assurer l'égalité réelle entre les sexes. Néanmoins, des limites d'ordres juridique et sociétale qui perdurent, exigent une attention particulière.
Addressing Atrocities and Displacement: A Path Forward for the Central African Republic
Central Africans face increased threats to their safety including forced displacement, mass executions, arbitrary detentions, torture, forced disappearances, and violent persecution based on ethnic and religious grounds. A group of UN experts has reported numerous instances of atrocities, grave human rights abuses, and violations of international humanitarian law committed by all parties to the conflict. Mankeur Ndiaye, the head of the UN Peacekeeping mission in CAR (MINUSCA) recently stated that "[n]ever have violations of human rights and international humanitarian law equaled those recently committed."
Southern Africa: Regional Dynamics of Conflict and the Proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), adopted along with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development acknowledges that "there can be no sustainable development without peace, and no peace without sustainable development". Thus, SDG 16 aims to "Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels". Globally, according to the UN Comtrade 2019, the international small arms trade was worth at least USD 6.5 billion in 2016, a 13% increase compared to 2015.
Daraa Fragile Security Disrupted by Foreign Actors amid the Emergence of New Powers
Center for Middle Eastern Studies (ORSAM)
The geographical location of southern Syria is the most important cause of conflict in and around the region, which borders Israel and Jordan, connects to Lebanon through Mount Hermon, and is considered a gateway to the Gulf states through the Nassib crossing. Daraa's geographical location has prompted many regional and international players to impose their control directly or through a local partner.
Dubai Port World ou le levier diplomatique émirati en Afrique
Policy Center for the New South (PCNS)
Face à la concurrence mondiale croissante, les Emirats arabes unis (EAU) ont pu constater le retard enregistré dans le domaine maritime dans les points stratégiques traditionnels au début du 21ème siècle. Pour autant, le pays détient une position importante sur la scène internationale en ce qui concerne le transport maritime. Grâce à la DP World, instrument diplomatique émirati, le lancement d'initiatives permettant au pays de regagner une place et une implantation dans différents pays a été rendu possible au cours de la dernière décennie.
Conceptualizing 'Leave No One Behind'
Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI)
The term 'leave no one behind' is at the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals that were adopted by United Nations (UN) member states in 2015, and the phrase has frequently been used in the humanitarian realm. In its literal sense, leaving no one behind as an objective seems to be unattainable in contexts where humanitarian needs are overwhelming and humanitarian actors have limited resources and access. Therefore, instead of aiming to 'leave no one behind', the issue, rather, is who to leave behind and on what grounds. In light of this, this working paper explores the conceptualization of the term and the political dimensions that lie behind it.
Insights on the First 29 Long-term Climate Strategies Submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
World Resources Institute (WRI)
This paper provides key insights into the 29 long-term climate strategies formally communicated to the United Nations as of June 2021, identifying common trends and the major transformations that countries envisage across all sectors of their economies. It finds that countries generally demonstrate a significant commitment to reaching the long-term goals of the Paris Agreement. However, more many nations need to submit their strategies, as well as regularly review and revise them over time.
Six Steps to Universal Energy Access in Africa
Tony Blair Institute for Global Change
There can be no social or economic development without access to abundant and affordable electricity. While access to electricity is most often framed as a development priority, the way in which it is delivered is of paramount importance to addressing climate change globally. This paper outlines a conceptual framework for a six-step approach to universal energy access. It proposes a holistic route to reversing the recent slowdown in the rollout of solar-home systems and mini-grids.