23 Jan 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Foresight Africa - Top priorities for the continent 2020-2030
The Brookings Institution
The new year 2020 marks the beginning of a promising decade for Africa. Through at least the first half of the decade, economic growth across Africa will continue to outperform that of other regions, with the continent continuing to be home to seven of the world’s 10 fastest-growing economies. This report highlights the triumphs of past years as well as strategies from experts to tackle forthcoming, but surmountable, obstacles to a prosperous African continent by 2030.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL)
United Nations Security Council - UNSC
The present report covers political, security-related and economic developments in Libya, provides an overview of the human rights and humanitarian situation and outlines the activities of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) since the issuance of the previous UNSG report on 26 August 2019.
Final report of the Panel of Experts on the Sudan
United Nations Security Council - UNSC
Various challenges have been encountered during the peace process, partly because of conflicting external influences on the armed movements and the Government of the Sudan. The present report covers the period from March to December 2019. The Panel has continued to monitor developments in Darfur and in the region in accordance with its mandate.
Sustaining peace - Harnessing the power of South Sudanese women
Institute for Security Studies - ISS
South Sudanese women have always participated in peace processes but usually not at the front lines of negotiations. Despite considerable challenges, their bottom-up approach and collective action at grassroots level have led to greater representation in the formal peace processes and the Revitalised Transitional Government of National Unity. However, to achieve positive peace in South Sudan, women must have access to justice, resources and meaningful representation in positions of power.
Mali - IMF Country Report
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Mali has made important progress in implementing the Fund-supported program despite daunting security challenges. Economic growth has remained solid and the authorities have steadfastly implemented their revenue mobilization program and structural reforms are underway. Mali's immediate priority is to safeguard social and developmental spending in the face of pressures from security outlays.
Civilian Harm and Local Protection Measures in Yemen
Center for Civilians in Conflict - CIVIC
“We did not know if we would die from bullets or hunger”. Civilians in Yemen have borne the brunt of armed conflict for over five years. The UN estimates that close to 80 percent of Yemenis in the country need assistance and protection, with two-thirds of the districts in Yemen already on the brink of famine. As of November 2019, an estimated 3.3 million people remain displaced. ACLED reports 100,000 people have been killed due to direct violence since 2015.1 These do not include fatalities from indirect causes such as starvation or disease.
The Iran Nuclear Deal at Four: A Requiem?
International Crisis Group
The Iran nuclear deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), enters its fifth year of implementation under siege from all sides. With the agreement’s remaining signatories failing to provide economic respite, Tehran has responded with incremental breaches of its nuclear commitments, which are hollowing out the JCPOA. It likely will require third-party mediation to reach an understanding that gives Tehran an economic reprieve and halts or reverses its nuclear measures but also avoids further escalation in a region in turmoil.
African Union Peace and Security Council Report
African Union Peace and Security Council - PSC
2020 is, in principle, the deadline for achieving one of the AU’s Agenda 2063 flagship programmes: Silencing the Guns. The PSC should ideally have played a critical role in the implementation of the Master Roadmap for Silencing the Guns in Africa, which was drawn up in 2016. Knowing that the 2020 deadline will not be met and that the continent will probably have to review the roadmap, the next two years will be pivotal in breathing new life into the initiative. The PSC’s role in this regard will be crucial.
The Grid won't connect Africa, but Solar can
Demand for power from the continent’s rapidly growing and urbanising population far outstrips supply. According to estimates by the IEA, Africa’s demand for electricity has outgrown supply every year since 1990. This publication examines the next generation of solar technology which, combined with the power of Fintech, could provide affordable and reliable electricity to all African households without the need to connect them to the grid.