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23 December 2021

"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention"

READING OF THE WEEK

Towards achieving the SDGs through Climate Risk Management - A reflection from the CRM perspective

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)

Post-2015 policy agendas including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Paris Agreement, and Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) all build on objectives to enable sustainable development by increasing resilience, strengthening adaptive capacity, and reducing vulnerabilities, offering great potential for alignment. Urgent and ambitious climate action is indispensable to achieve sustainable development and prevent climate change from threatening the gains achieved.

READ HERE


NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA

Report of the Secretary-General on the situation in the Sudan and the activities of UNITAMS

United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

The present report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2579(2021), by which the Council decided to extend the mandate of the United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in the Sudan (UNITAMS) until 3 June 2022. It covers political, security, socioeconomic, human rights, rule of law and humanitarian developments in the Sudan from 21 August to 21 November 2021 and provides an update on the scale-up of the Mission.

READ HERE

Governing Climate Mobility: a scoping study of two localities in Ethiopia

Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)

Climate change is widely expected to produce new and/or intensified mobility patterns, including migration and displacement. In this Paper, a range of socio-economic, environmental, demographic and not least governance dimensions are presented to enable future explorations of their roles in shaping mobility practices in Ethiopia as slow onset climate change occurs.

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Prospects of food security in Somalia under looming climatic changes

Heritage Institute

Somalia, a country where conflict and instability meet the hazards of natural disasters caused by a rapidly changing climate, is on the frontline of climate change. This report provides an assessment of food security challenges in Somalia in the face of destructive climate extremes. It draws heavily on the most recent peer reviewed scientific literature and internationally trusted and validated databases including weather data for the last 30 years.

READ HERE


From Displacement to Development - How Kenya Can Create Shared Growth by Facilitating Economic Inclusion of Refugees

Center for Global Development

Kenya has hosted one of the largest refugee populations for decades and should be commended for this. But refugees in Kenya still face long-standing barriers to economic inclusion, and the COVID-19 pandemic has only exacerbated these challenges. Kenya's GDP would benefit hugely from facilitating better economic inclusion of their refugee population and our new case study, published today, outlines how they can do so.

Read here


MIDDLE-EAST

Iran's Nuclear Program: Tehran's Compliance with International Obligations

Congressional Research Service (CRS)

Iran's construction of gas centrifuge uranium enrichment facilities has been the main source of proliferation concern. Tehran claims that it wants to produce low-enriched uranium (LEU) for its current and future power reactors. This report provides a brief overview of Iran's nuclear program and describes the legal basis for the actions taken by the IAEA board and the Security Council. It will be updated as events warrant.

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Impact of conflict on the financial sector in Yemen: implications for food security

Overseas Development Institute (ODI)

In a country as poor as Yemen, food insecurity has long been an endemic challenge. The conflict has since propelled millions more people into food insecurity, through direct conflict impacts and indirect effects on market prices and household incomes. This paper analyses how the fragmentation and deterioration of the financial sector act as an operating channel that contributes to food insecurity in Yemen.

READ HERE


TRANSNATIONAL

Taking Stock of the Arms Trade Treaty: A Summary of Policy Options

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)

Many achievements can be ascribed to the entry into force of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) seven years ago. At the same time, there remain areas in which the treaty can be improved or strengthened. A series of policy options has been elaborated, to further strengthen five aspects of the treaty: its scope, the application of its prohibitions and the risk-assessment criteria, its processes and forums, promotion of its universalization, and support for states' implementation. Taken together, these proposed measures represent a menu of options for ATT stakeholders.

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Unscrambling subsidiarity in the African Union - From competition to collaboration

Institute for Security Studies (ISS)

Subsidiarity is a political concept that prioritises the role of local actors over those further removed from the situation at hand. Although unclear, the principle has been used in Africa to justify why regional bodies should take the lead in responding to conflicts in their areas of jurisdiction. This report explores the origins of the concept and its use in the African multilateral context. It provides recommendations for more coherent cooperation between the African Union and regional mechanisms.

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The AfCFTA and industrialization: From policy to practice

European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM)

The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), though ostensibly focused on trade, is hoped to promote industrial development through diversification and regional value chain (RVC) development. This paper discusses some of the practical challenges of combining the AfCFTA with industrial ambitions. It highlights the fact that regional free trade areas will continue to govern regional trade and evidence that tariff liberalisation will generate only small gains, thus underlining the importance of understanding and addressing existing challenges to promoting RVC.

READ HERE

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