22 July 2020
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READING OF THE WEEK
The Recover Better with Sustainable Energy Guide for African Countries
Sustainable Energy for All
In Africa, it is estimated that 565 million people still lack access to electricity. Without electricity, they lack a basic necessity for poverty alleviation and the ability to build resilience to the global health crisis. This sustainable energy guide highlights the opportunities, benefit and enablers that will help leaders guide their countries onto a more sustainable long term development trajectory.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Eviter le conflit dans le coeur minier de la RD Congo
International Crisis Group
En juin et juillet 2019, les forces de securite de la RDC ont expulse des mineurs artisanaux qui empietaient sur deux des plus grands sites miniers industriels du pays, dans le provinces du Haut Katanga et du Lualaba. Les expulsions ont cause, outre des morts er des blesses, la perte de la seule source de revenus de plus de 10.000 mineurs artisanaux.
Future Driver of Growth in Rwanda: Innovation, Integration, Agglomeration and Competition
World Bank Group
A widely acknowledged record of more than two decades of strong economic growth—including a threeand- half-fold increase in per capita income since 1994—has placed Rwanda among the fastest-growing economies in Africa and the world.in May 2017, the government of Rwanda and the World Bank Group jointly initiated this study on the future drivers of growth to inform Rwanda’s Vision 2050. The report identifies four essential and interdependent drivers: innovation, integration, agglomeration, and competition.
When pandemic meets poverty Pandemonium for pastoralists in the Sahel
In the Sahel, market closures, border closures and movement restrictions to stop the spread of COVID-19 have disrupted the structurally weak pastoral sector, already made vulnerable by conflict. There are several signs of the negative impacts of COVID-19, such as difficulties in moving food and people, poor access to markets, rising food prices and loss of livelihoods. In Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger and Chad, the pandemic adds to ongoing problems of conflict and political instability.
Sidelining the Islamic State in Niger’s Tillabery
In December 2019 and January 2020, Nigerien security forces suffered their deadliest attacks ever, losing scores of troops in ferocious assaults mounted by the Sahel’s Islamic State franchise operating in Mali and Niger’s Tillabery border region. The militants struck over a year after Niamey suspended working with Malian ethnopolitical militias, a decision taken after authorities saw how that pact triggered bloodletting among competing nomadic tribes in the area, which in turn drove some of them further into the Islamic State’s hands.
Iran’s Regional Role in the Arab World and Iranian State-Society Relations
Arab Reform Initiative
This piece is part of a series which addresses the future of governance and security in the Middle East and North Africa, and their impact on the role of the state in the region.
The Blue Line: The Israel - Sudan Border? The Challenge of infiltrators from Lebanon
A new security challenge has emerged from Lebanon: Sudanese trying to cross the Blue Line into Israeli territory in search of work. In May 2020, the IDF prevented three incidents involving ten infiltrators, and in mid-June, one was captured on the outskirts of the town of Shlomi, in northern Israel.
World Invesment Report
The World Investment Report supports policymakers by monitoring global and regional FDI trends and documenting national and international investment policy developments. This year’s Report naturally takes stock of the COVID-19 crisis. It also includes a new chapter, added at the request of the UN General Assembly, on investment in the Sustainable Development Goals.
Maintenance of International Peace and Security
United Nations - UN
The Security Council underscored the role of youth in preventing and resolving conflict, as well as in building and maintaining peace, encouraging Member States to include young people in decision-making processes across these areas. Unanimously adopting resolution 2535 (2020), the 15-member organ called on all relevant actors to consider ways to increase the inclusive representation of youth for the prevention and resolution of conflict, as well as in peacebuilding, including when negotiating and implementing peace agreements.
The Business Case for Investment in Nutrition
Malnutrition acts as a brake on the development of individuals, communities and economies around the world. This report is the first of its kind to reveal the hidden costs of malnutrition for business, and the extent to which these costs are recognized and addressed by multinational companies (MNCs).