22 July 2021
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READING OF THE WEEK
Mediating Peace with Climate Change - Integrating Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies into Peace Processes
This report builds on the recognition that climate change is a risk multiplier and destabilizing force, particularly in the most vulnerable regions of the world. And it is getting much worse at a pace we are unable to predict in a timely manner, which is why global leaders, including the UN Secretary-General, are calling for immediate and substantial action. It is in this spirit that this report proposes a two-pronged approach to integrating climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies ("climate action") into conflict prevention and peace mediation processes ("peace processes").
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Migrating and displaced children and youth in Tunisia: Profiles, Routes, Protection, and Needs
Mixed Migration Centre
There is limited research on mixed migration in Tunisia, and there is a particular dearth of data pertaining to the experiences of migrating and displaced children and youth. To help fill this gap, this study explores the profiles, routes, and vulnerabilities of migrating and displaced children and youth in Tunisia. Through its comprehensive analysis and recommendations, this study seeks to provide a stronger evidence base for practitioners and policy makers working in child protection both in Tunisia, and along mixed migration routes to Tunisia.
Clearing the Dimming Vision of the Liberation of South Sudan: Celebrating the 10th Anniversary of Independence
The Sudd Institute
Shortly after independence, South Sudan was plunged into a civil war that has intermittently devastated the country ever since. Though essentially a struggle for power between and among individual leaders, the war soon began to be perceived as an ethnic conflict that primarily pitted the Dinka and the Nuer against each other. Since then, the people of South Sudan who had been fighting and sacrificing for the ideals of freedom, equality, dignity, and prosperity have been reduced to a nation massively displaced internally or forced into refuge in the neighboring countries or dispersed as refugees in many countries around the world.
The situation in Central Africa and the activities of the United Nations Regional Office for Central Africa
United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
The present report provides an assessment of the major political and security trends in Central Africa since the report dated 1 December. It also provides an update on the situation in the Lake Chad basin region, the Lord's Resistance Army, and the Maritime security in the Gulf of Guinea.
Neglect, Control and Co-optation - Major features of Ethiopian Youth Policy Since 1991
Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI)
Ethiopia is also among the many African countries with a large and growing youth population, where more than 70 percent of its inhabitants are below the age of 35. While the political leaders have continued to justify their hold on power by the victory in the civil war that ended in 1991, the young have no experience with and few memories of the liberation war three decades back. We have therefore seen a growing schism between the aging liberation leaders and the youth.
From Revolt to Community-Driven Resistance: Beirut's Year of Hell
Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI)
Until 2019, Lebanon had seemingly escaped this mass wave of popular mobilisation, originated by the Arab uprisings. The paper traces the evolution of anti-regime protests in Lebanon – overshadowed by the port explosion as a disastrous critical juncture – and argues that community-driven resistance is emerging as a means for collective action and self-preservation.
Iran's Foreign Policy under Raisi
Al Jazeera Centre for Studies
Principlist Ebrahim Raisi was elected Iran's next president on 18 June 2021. He will succeed moderate President Hassan Rouhani in early August. Raisi will enter office at a crucial juncture as Iran and the West are engaged in ongoing technical negotiations aimed at reviving the nuclear deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). This paper argues that Iran's strategic direction will remain unchanged under Raisi but its foreign policy will witness visible changes.
Peace and Security Council Report No. 136
Institute for Security Studies (ISS Africa)
Where to from here in the Central African Republic? Beside this important question for the African country, the June 2021 Peace & Security Council Report discusses the following topics: The PSC and Chad – policy implications of a historic decision; Pan-African Parliament's reflection on a crisis in leadership; the AU's support to Sudan's political transition; and the PSC interview with Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General to the AU, Hanna Tetteh, on Synchronisation of the work of the UN and the AU.
Climate and Security in the Middle East and North Africa
Congressional Research Service (CRS)
How Climate May Interact with Security? The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is among the world's most water-stressed and vulnerable to climate change. Policymakers' concerns about a changing MENA climate include not only physical and economic impacts but also the potential implications for political stability and security in a volatile region.
The Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Trafficking in Persons and responses to the challenges
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
The COVID-19 pandemic has affected countries and people globally; it has also exacerbated existing disadvantages, poverty and vulnerabilities. This report explores the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on (1) the scale and characteristics of trafficking in persons; (2) victims of trafficking; and (3) frontline organizations (law enforcement, prosecution services, the judiciary and the protection and reintegration services provided by non-government organizations (NGOs)). It also examines the different initiatives developed in response to the challenges created by COVID-19 and identifies promising practices.