22 Apr 2021
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
What We Know About Maritime Illicit Trades
What do we know about Maritime Illicit Trades? This paper provides researchers and practitioners with an overview of the network of intergovernmental agencies, civil society organizations, and state bureaucracies that are tasked with monitoring and reporting on the transnational movement of goods in the maritime domain. It focuses specifically on a series of emblematic maritime criminal flows: the illicit movement of smuggled and trafficked persons, small arms and light weapons, weapons of mass destruction, narcotics, wildlife, and illicit waste.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Les implications de la mise en place de la Force-Conjointe du G5 Sahel sur la MINUSMA et les contributeurs régionaux
Observatoire Boutros-Ghali du Maintien de la Paix
Cette note aborde l’état du soutien des partenaires internationaux, notamment la MINUSMA, à la FC-G5S. Soutien qui vise à répondre à l’urgence des besoins de la FC-G5S mais qui n’est pas sans incidence sur l’interprétation du respect des principes fondamentaux du maintien de la paix tel que le conçoit l’ONU. Dans un second temps, elle analyse les effets de la mise en place de la FC-G5S sur les armées du G5, avec l’ouverture d’un schéma nouveau représenté par le déploiement en mars 2021 de 1200 soldats tchadiens.
Conflict and Crisis in South Sudan’s Equatoria
United States Institute of Peace
South Sudan can be viewed as a failing state with multiple distinct war theatres, interlinked at the elite level by a revolt against a common political center. South Sudan’s third region, Equatoria—which spans the southern third of the country and includes Juba, the country’s capital—remained relatively stable at first, with only isolated pockets of local conflict until late 2015.1 However, in the second half of 2016, violence erupted across Equatoria. Some of the region’s ethnic groups have nearly depopulated their home areas in their determination to avoid the violence.
Mission not accomplished? UNIOGBIS closes amid uncertainty in Guinea-Bissau
Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime
On 31 December 2020, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) closed its peacebuilding mission in Guinea-Bissau. After more than 20 years of operation, the UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Guinea-Bissau (UNIOGBIS) came to a halt. This brief examines the role of the UNSC and the steps it has taken in Guinea-Bissau, with a particular focus on its attention to the impact of drug trafficking on political stability, beginning in 1998 and leading up to the mission closure in 2020, with a focus on how transnational organized crime was incorporated into the mandate.
Nuclear Power & Governance Frameworks: Egypt, Ghana and South Africa
South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA)
Egypt, Ghana and South Africa have been selected as case studies for this report because they represent countries at different points in their journey towards the peaceful use of nuclear energy. This report gives the background of each nuclear project. This not only provides a historical overview of a country’s nuclear ambitions and the progress achieved but also shows how political considerations and changing political administrations (whether through democratic means or coups) can have significant ramifications for national nuclear goals.
Along the Kuwaiti-Saudi Border, Stability Is Built on Flexibility
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
In a divided zone along their border, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia have introduced a flexible arrangement based on a rigid physical border and a fluid economic border. This flexibility, leading to the co-management and equal profit sharing of hydrocarbons, has largely averted conflict. It rests on constructive ambiguity and avoidance of direct confrontation. The approach has its challenges but showed its merit in 2009–2019 when the two resolved a major dispute over the zone.
Supporting Syrian Refugees amidst Lebanon’s Crises
Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP)
Lebanon is in freefall amid numerous crises. Syrian refugees are especially vulnerable because the Lebanese government has curtailed their rights and restricted international support for them. More than 90 percent of Syrians in Lebanon now live in extreme poverty. However, the prospect of any imminent, voluntary return of large numbers of refugees to Syria remains distant.
Foreign terrorist fighters - Addressing current challenges
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
On 11-12 February 2020, the OSCE, UNOCT and Switzerland, in co-operation with the 2020 Albanian OSCE Chairmanship, jointly organized a High-level Regional Conference on the topic of “Foreign Terrorist Fighters – Addressing Current Challenges” in Vienna. This conference was part of a series of regional events organized in follow-up to the 2018 UN High-level Conference of Heads of Counter-Terrorism Agencies of Member States on “strengthening international cooperation to combat the evolving threat of terrorism”.
Reflections on building more inclusive global governance
The Inclusive Governance Initiative is exploring how global governance can be reshaped to meet the challenges of today’s world. The COVID-19 pandemic has illustrated the urgent need for change in the structures and mechanisms of international cooperation. Greater inclusiveness must be a central ingredient, and must go beyond symbolism: the meaningful inclusion of a wider range of non-state actors and the more equitable participation of states are essential for progress on complex, interconnected global issues. The transformation of multilateral bodies and international governance structures into effective agents of change for today’s world is long overdue.
Work programme of the Security Council Committee concerning counter-terrorism for 2021
United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
The Security Council Committee continue to identify and assess emerging terrorism issues, trends and developments through its engagement with relevant international, regional and subregional organizations, civil society, the private sector, academia and think tanks, including the member entities of the Global Counter-Terrorism Research Network; to cooperate with the Office of Counter-Terrorism and other subsidiary bodies of the Council; and to promote respect for human rights and the integration of the gender perspective in the context of counter-terrorism.