21 Nov 2019
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Africa Energy Outlook 2019
International Energy Agency - IEA
How Africa meets the energy needs of a young, fast growing and increasingly urban population is crucial for the continent’s – and the world’s – economic and energy future. One-in-two people added to the global population between today and 2040 is set to be African, and by 2025, Africa’s population exceeds that of both India and China. These profound demographic changes are set to drive economic growth, infrastructure development and, in turn, energy demand. This report, the most comprehensive to date, contains a unique richness of data and analysis.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
From abuse to cohabitation - A way forward for positive migration governance in Libya
Clingendael - the Netherlands Institute of International Relations
Libya has historically been a migrant-receiving country, and migrants form a significant portion of the Libyan workforce. Powerful human-smuggling networks have emerged that have taken the exploitation of migrants to grueling new levels. This study therefore investigates what can be done at the local level to promote positive migration governance in Libya.
Responsibility-sharing and self-reliance in East Africa
Overseas Development Institute - ODI
Three years in, is the ‘new way of working’ for refugees actually working? Unsurprisingly, the picture is mixed. This review of the application of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) in four East African countries – Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda – shows some positive progress, but high-income countries and donor governments are largely failing in their commitment to share responsibility for refugees.
Ethiopia's progress in strengthening measures to tackle money laundering and terrorist financing
Eastern and Southern Africa Anti-Money Laundering Group - ESAAMLG
Mutual evaluation of Ethiopia was conducted by the World Bank and the mutual evaluation report (MER) was approved by the ESAAMLG Council of Ministers on the 5th of June 2015. This follow-up report (FUR) analyses the progress of Ethiopia in addressing the technical compliance deficiencies identified in its MER.
When rising temperatures don’t lead to rising tempers - Climate and Insecurity in Niger
Building Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Extremes and Disasters - BRACED
In this report, we explore the complex and tangled links between climate variability/change and the proliferation of armed networks operating in northern Niger. We do this by examining the factors influencing livelihood choices among 29 smugglers of people, arms, drugs and gold working across Niger. We chose to focus on these smugglers because they are now invariably armed and operate in coordinated networks.
Iran’s Protests and the Threat to Domestic Stability
Center for Strategic and International Studies - CSIS
Since late 2017, there have been hundreds of protests in Iran per month about such issues as deteriorating economic conditions, environmental degradation, and political grievances. The Iranian protest movement is currently too decentralized and Iranian security forces are likely too strong to overthrow the regime. Still, the litany of grievances in Iran suggests that the regime will have to deal with persistent domestic discontent.
Hiding in Plain Sight - Hezbollah's Campaign Against UNIFIL
The Washington Institute for Near East Policy
Mandated by United Nations Security Council Resolution 1701, the UN Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL), an entity first established in the late 1970s, was expanded, and its 10,500 peacekeepers are busy and visible. UN reports over the past thirteen years emphasize the general calm. But calm does not mean safe and secure.
African Continental Free Trade Agreement: Opportunities for the African Cultural Economy
In March 2018, 52 out of 55 African countries signed the historic African Continental Free Trade Agreement. Recently, Africa's Tech and Creative Industry leaders and forward-thinking ecosystem builders gathered for a two-day conference in Kigali, Rwanda to explore the opportunities that will emerge with the signing of the trade agreement for the creative economy on the continent.
Leaders for a New Africa
Italian Institute for International Political Studies - ISPI
With an estimated population of 1.2 billion people, expected to keep growing steadily in the next decades and largely below the age of 15, Africa is the continent of an ever-closer future. It is true that many sub-regions are still riven by conflicts and political violence. Yet, social, political and economic transformations are changing the face of Africa. The rise of new leaders promises to accelerate and steer change in the continent’s political scenario.