21 May 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
OUT OF SIGHT Northeast Nigeria’s Humanitarian Crisis
Center for Strategic and International studies (CSIS)
Millions of civilians in the northeastern Nigerian states of Borno, Adamawa, and Yobe live in extreme vulnerability, with credible fears of violence along with high levels of malnutrition, water shortages, limited access to health care, and food insecurity.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Corona and the Sahel Lessons from Ebola
Who will lead the response to Covid-19 in areas of the Sahel where there is no functioning state? This policy brief uses lessons learned from the Ebola epidemic in West Africa to show how traditional authorities can help respond to Covid-19.
How Are Innovative Financing Approaches Contributing to Wider Electricity Access in Kenya?
Policy Center for the New South
This policy paper identifies the drivers of the development of pay-as-you-go solutions in off-grid systems in Kenya, assesses their successes and shortcomings based on two case studies,and develops a set of recommendations to better capitalize on the various opportunities and avoid the potential risks related to the emergence of off-grid pay-as-you-go solutions in developing countries.
Outbreaks in Africa: Desert Locusts and COVID-19
Countries in East Africa are currently battling two large-scale disasters simultaneously: the worst desert locust outbreak in decades and the COVID-19 pandemic. These two crises have many parallels: they are transnational issues that do not adhere to borders; left uncontained each has the capacity to spread exponentially; it is difficult to estimate the extent of each crisis; and both have the potential to cause devastating impacts for the population. Together, the two crises pose significant risks to the public health and wellbeing of the population in East Africa, by impacting the economy, affecting livelihoods, and further worsening the food security situation. Simultaneously, current seasonal rains in East Africa are likely to bring moderate to heavy rainfall to the region, triggering floods that may deepen existing needs and complicate ongoing responses to both crises.
Implementation of resolution 2470 2019 UNAMI
The present report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2470 (2019), in which the Secretary-General was requested to report every three months on progress made towards fulfilling the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI). The report covers key developments relating to Iraq and provides an update on the activities of the United Nations in Iraq since my previous report of 21 February 2020 (S/2020/140) and the briefing to the Council by my Special Representative for Iraq and Head of UNAMI on 3 March 2020.
Israel’s Foreign Policy in the Post-COVID-19 Era
Institute for National Security Studies (INSS)
Israel’s new government will have to review the validity of many ideas within the Israeli consensus that have guided foreign policy over the past two decades. Key questions concern the Israeli-Palestinian conflict; relations between Israel and its neighbors in the Middle East, particularly in the area of energy and in the context of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict; relations with the United States, including the implications of the competition between China and the US; relations with the European Union; and relations with international organizations and institutions.
The COVID-19 Pandemic and the Blue Economy
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
The COVID-19 pandemic is unprecedented in our lifetimes, impacting all economies depending on the evolution cycle of disease (arrival, spread and control) and on type of prevention and remedial measures taken. Given the unprecedented nature threats and the disruptions caused by COVID-19, countries are implementing policy responses and trade measures with different philosophies, time, sacales and levels.The Blues economy account for about 3.5 to 7 per cent of global GDP. Blue economic sectors, those largely relying on the marine environment, ecosystems and species to generate economic value, are being heavily impacted.
Perspectives on Nuclear Deterrence in the 21st Century
This collection of essays explores, from the perspectives of eight experts, four areas of deterrence theory and policymaking: the underlying assumptions that shape deterrence practice; the enduring value of extended deterrence; the impact of emerging technologies; and the ‘blurring’ of the lines between conventional and nuclear weapons.
Drone Attacks Against Critical Infrastructure A Real and Present Threat
Since July 2018, when Ansar Allah attacked the Abu Dhabi International Airport with a large drone aircraft, there have been more than one hundred attacks by unmanned aerial systems against commercial airports and military air bases in the Middle East and North Africa.