21 January 2021
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READING OF THE WEEK
Africa Development Dynamics Report 2021
African Union (AU)
This fact-filled annual reference book brings the latest information on development policies on the African continent and its five regions. It presents a new narrative assessing Africa’s economic, social and institutional performance in light of the targets set by the African Union’s Agenda 2063. This third edition explores how digital transformation creates quality jobs and contributes to achieving Agenda 2063, thereby making African economies more resilient to the global recession triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Mauritania's progress in strengthening measures to tackle money laundering and terrorist financing
Middle East and North Africa Financial Action Task Force (MENAFATF)
In 2018 MENAFATF assessed the effectiveness of Mauritania's measures to tackle money laundering and terrorist financing, and their compliance with the FATF Recommendations. This follow-up report looks at the actions Mauritania has undertaken to address the weaknesses identified in the report and to meet the requirements of FATF Recommendations since their 2018 mutual evaluation and ensuing 2018 Follow-Up Report.
Countering violent extremism in Kenya - Experiences and innovations
Institute for Security Studies (ISS)
Kenya is one of East Africa’s most vulnerable countries when it comes to violent extremism and radicalisation. Both state and non-state actors have taken many measures to prevent these phenomena, particularly among the youth in Kenya’s north-east and coastal regions. This report identifies some innovative programmes and the experiences of those involved in implementing them.
Documenting the R4 Global Partnership in Ethiopia and Senegal: Successes and Challenges
Oxford Committee for Famine Relief (OXFAM)
This report focuses on Ethiopia and Senegal, and it reviews existing program evaluations and documentation, focusing on key programmatic achievements, shortcomings, and impacts; providing a gender analysis to address the extent to which R4’s design and outcomes effectively responded to the needs of women and men; and discussing R4’s role in influencing policy and practices at the global and national level.
The South Sudan National Dialogue Final Resolutions: What the Presidency should Do
The Sudd Institute
In December 2020, the South Sudan National Dialogue Steering Committee (NDSC) published its concluding report regarding the National Dialogue (ND) process. Drawing from its consultations, conferences, and outputs produced since the process kicked off in 2017, this Final Report summarizes the Committee’s main findings and respective recommendations.
The Iran Nuclear Deal at Five: A Revival?
International Crisis Group
In early January, Iran announced the latest in a series of worrying violations, raising uranium enrichment rates to 20 per cent, a level perilously close to weapons-grade, and threatening to severely curb international monitoring and verification, the accord’s hallmarks. Removing the central incentive for Iran’s commitment to its JCPOA obligations led Tehran to slip those bonds, not to acquiesce in tighter ones.
The Interests Behind the Saudi-Qatar Rapprochement
The Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic studies (BESA)
The year 2021 began with refreshing news: after three years of a diplomatic and economic boycott of Qatar accompanied by a land blockade, Saudi Arabia and Qatar will be signing an agreement that will bring the dispute to an end. Behind the ending of the dispute between the two Gulf States, reached with the help of the American negotiating team, stands also an intense fear of Iran.
Intelligence artificielle et cyber-colonisation : implications sur l’Afrique
Policy Center for the New South
Les technologies liées à l’Intelligence artificielle ont un pouvoir influent et transformateur de plus en plus ressenti par les populations africaines et constituent, de ce fait, un levier de développement important. Cependant, cet écosystème numérique n’est pas sans risques pour le continent africain qui voit son cyberespace, chaque jour un peu plus, exploité par des compagnies étrangères. Dans cette étude, nous allons essayer d’analyser et d’expliquer la dépendance technologique de l’Afrique subtilement imposée à travers des Data centers et autres.
Investing for sustainable climate services: insights from African experience
Overseas Development Institute (ODI)
Weather and climate information services are part of the foundation for sustainable development in a changing climate. This is true everywhere, but particularly so in Africa. This paper was commissioned to explore the following questions: What elements are necessary to sustain capacity for climate services delivery? How can sustainability best be incorporated into project design and implementation? What are the enablers and barriers to creating sustainable capacity? How can the barriers be overcome?
Petro Diplomacy 2020 - Conference Report
The Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington (AGSIW)
The Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington held its sixth annual Petro Diplomacy conference, virtually, from October 20-22, 2020, on the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on the energy sector and the transition to a low carbon economy. Two roundtable discussions on the prospects for oil producers and the future of gas in the transition were held under the Chatham House Rule, and the final session on the geopolitics of oil and gas and U.S.-Gulf Arab relations was a public forum.