20 May 2021
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention"
READING OF THE WEEK
Report of the Secretary-General on the Joint Force of the Group of Five for the Sahel
United Nations Security Council
This report provides an update on progress made in the operationalization of the Joint Force since the report of 2 November 2020, including international support for the Joint Force and implementation of the technical agreement signed between the United Nations, the European Union and G5 Sahel States in February 2018. It also highlights the challenges encountered by the Joint Force and the implementation by the G5 Sahel States of a human rights and international humanitarian law compliance framework.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Ethiopia's Tigray conflict: exposing the limits of EU and AU early warning mechanisms
At the time of writing, the exact timeline and implications of the conflict in Ethiopia's Tigray region remain unclear. What is clear, however, is that two major international actors – the European Union and the African Union– have not been able to mitigate, yet alone prevent, the escalation of the crisis, despite having institutional mechanisms designed to do so. What accounts for the lack of early warning analysis and action on the part of the EU and the AU? Also, what future role can be envisaged for the conflict prevention toolboxes of these organisations?
Understanding Sudan"s electoral system: Management of elections
The Rift Valley Institute
What institutions of electoral management has Sudan used for previous elections? Why have these institutions been problematic? This briefing is part of RVI's Sudan Elections Project, a short-term study on the history of elections in the country. The project examines the different factors that have shaped the course and consequences of elections in Sudan, while drawing out lessons to inform the programming and advocacy work of those hoping to ensure a successful transition in Sudan.
Exploring the Implications of Oil and Gas Infrastructure Security in Libya
Geneva Centre for Security Sector Governance (DCAF)
The question of oil and gas revenue distribution – which represents almost all of the country's public revenues – has been, and remains, a key driver of the Libyan conflict since 2011. The current tensions over the modalities of oil and gas revenue distribution are part of long-running grievances and disagreements over Libya's economic ecosystem. Efficient and accountable security for oil and gas infrastructure is thus key to building sustainable peace in Libya and a crucial component of security sector reform.
République Centrafricaine : Analyse IPC De L'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë - Avril à Aout 2021
Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC)
The IPC projection update conducted in March 2021 indicates that, from April through August 2021, 2.29 million people in the Central African Republic will likely be in high levels of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above), almost half of the population covered by the analysis. In the analysis conducted in September 2020, the food security situation was projected to deteriorate between September 2020 - April 2021 (the current period) and May-August 2021 (the projection period), due to the likely worsening of the security situation throughout the country between October 2020 and January 2021.
Sustainable States - Environment, Governance, and the Future of the Middle East
Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)
Many countries in the Middle East face serious challenges providing utilities in any manner to their populations, and the failure to do so is an increasing flash point for public dissatisfaction. This study finds that providing more environmentally sustainable services in the Middle East would be an effective way to address many citizens' grievances which go beyond the reliability of those services. It would also help ameliorate deep dissatisfaction with the quality of governance and help build trust between citizens and their governments. This study examines three sectors — power, water and sanitation, and solid waste — in three countries.
Prospects for the Reconstruction of Lebanon
Polish Institute of International Affairs (PISM)
The significance of the economic and political crisis in Lebanon for the policy of other countries in the region and Western countries results from its role in hosting regional migrants and the contrary interests of rival countries in the Middle East. Despite a change of government since protests began in October 2019, the country's political collapse was deepened by the explosion at the port of Beirut last August.
Africa's Mining Potential: Trends, Opportunities, Challenges and Strategies
Policy Center for the New South (PCNS)
Africa is endowed with abundant mineral resources, including gold, silver, copper, uranium, cobalt, and many other metals which are key inputs to manufacturing processes around the world. However, discussions about Africa's extractive sector are often overshadowed by an over-emphasis on oil and gas resources. This Policy Paper discusses the untapped potential of Africa's mining sector, especially the key trends, drivers, opportunities, challenges, and strategies needed to expand the sector and drive economic transformation on the continent.
The cybersecurity threat to ports: Context, assessment, and looking forward
As central hubs to the global supply chain, the physical protection of ports has long been considered important. Ports have now reached levels of automation, systems integration, and connectivity wherein interference with digital networks could greatly impact operations and safety. Despite this, the standardisation of port cybersecurity remains far behind that of port physical security. This is all the more concerning as a cybersecurity breach in one port is more able to impact other ports, suppliers, partners, and clients than a traditional security breach could.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Strategic Vision for Africa 2030
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
This Strategic Vision for Africa 2030 frames how UNODC and Member States will strengthen Africa's responses to drug control, transnational organized crime, terrorism, corruption and illicit financial flows in order to accelerate Africa's progress towards the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the aspirations of the African Union's Agenda 2063: The Africa We Want.