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20 January 2022

"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention"

READING OF THE WEEK

Geopolitics of the Energy Transformation The Hydrogen Factor

International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)

Countries around the world rally behind net zero targets, hydrogen is increasingly seen as a missing piece of the energy transformation puzzle to decarbonise harder-to-abate sectors. The possible pathway on which hydrogen might evolve still involves many uncertainties.

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NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA

Youth Unemployment in the South of the Mediterranean A Chronic Challenge to Development and Stability

European Institute of the Mediterranean (IEMed)

This paper focuses on youth unemployment on the southern shore of the Mediterranean, which has become a major challenge and a manifestation of deeply-rooted problems of the region's labour markets. The paper aims to provide policy recommendations to address this chronic problem in the region and focuses mainly on Southern Mediterranean countries in North Africa: Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco.

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L'implication des opérations de paix dans la réforme du secteur de la sécurité regards croisés sur la MINUSMA et la MINUSCA

Observatoire Boutros-Ghali

La réforme du secteur de la sécurité (RSS) est devenue une composante importante des opérations de paix (OP) de l'ONU au moment de leur mutation multidimensionnelle au lendemain de la fin de la Guerre froide. Depuis lors, l'expérience, les leçons apprises et l'institutionnalisation de cette dimension au sein du Secrétariat de l'ONU ont substantiellement amélioré les capacités d'action de l'Organisation.

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The political economy of energy transitions in sub-Saharan Africa: contributions to an analytical framework

Danish Institute for International Studies

What do energy transitions look like in sub-Saharan African countries? At the recent COP26 Climate Conference in Glasgow, much attention was paid to the issue of financing clean energy projects. This paper combines a review of recent energy transition literature with a broader range of relevant energy-related literatures, each of which can contribute to a better understanding of the role of coalitions, politics and power in energy transitions in lower-income countries. The paper points to the decisive influence of a country's resource endowments on the potential for an energy transition.

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Facilitating Finance and Global Trade for Small and Marginal Farmers in Africa

Centre for the Study of the Economies of Africa (CSEA)

In Africa, particularly, no less than half of the continent's labour force is employed under agriculture, all pointing to the significance of agriculture as a sector in the human productive business and general development. Sadly, despite its contribution to the continent's development, agriculture in Africa suffers from a severe funding deficiency. 

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MIDDLE-EAST

Drug Smuggling in Syria: Involvement by Assad Regime and Complication on Regional Countries

ORSAM

Cases of detection of huge shipments of Captagon pills inside commercial goods coming from Syria are increasing in a number of regional and Arab countries, and the efforts of some Arab countries to combat drug smuggling are increasing. While there is increasing talk about Arab countries normalising with the Assad regime, the drugs coming from Syria threaten to cause more social rifts in Arab countries that are already suffering from social and economic crises.

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The Impact of the Yemen War on the Priorities and Needs of Youth

Sanaa Center

This report aims to understand how the ongoing war has impacted and changed the priorities and needs of Yemeni youth since March 2015. It also explores whether or not today's young men and women are still clinging to the aspirations, visions and priorities that came to life during the 2011 youth-led uprising and the post-Saleh regime transition process.

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TRANSNATIONAL

On the Horizon: What to Watch in 2022

Wilson Center

The world in 2021 continued to roil with the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, intensifying competition between the world's major powers, questions of trust inside many of the world's leading democracies, and natural disasters made more intense by the effects of climate extremes. As we look to what is on the horizon in 2022, we contend with a geopolitical situation of greater uncertainty than at any time since the end of the Cold War.

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A Year of Failure in International Policymaking: Responding Better through Local Empowerment

Brussels International Center (BIC)

As 2021 ends, the year has proven to be a difficult time for the success of various initiatives by the international community to address conflicts throughout the world.The ability of the international community or individual nations to address these conflicts has been called intoquestion as investments of time, money and, in some cases, lives of military and civilian personnel, have seemingly resulted in minor outcomes. For these reasons, not to mention for the affected local populations, there needs to be answers for how to better respond to other international crises in the future.

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Protection Dilemmas Arising from the Reintegration of Former Combatants and the Impact of the Terrorist Designation

International Peace Institute (IPI)

The concept and implementation of disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) have evolved as DDR-related activities have increasingly occurred in environments where armed conflict is ongoing, no peace agreement has been signed, and armed groups designated as terrorist organizations (AGDTOs) are operating. In parallel, reintegration has increasingly been discussed in the UN counterterrorism architecture through the concept of prosecution, rehabilitation, and reintegration (PRR). The changing context has raised challenges related to reintegration, especially reintegration of former members of AGDTOs.

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