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20 Feb 2020

"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”

 
 

READING OF THE WEEK

Report of the Secretary-General on the situation in Somalia

United Nations Security Council - UNSC

The present report provides updates on the Political, security, and economic situation in Somalia. It also covers the Support for peacebuilding and state-building efforts, human rights and protection, the humanitarian situation, a comprehensive approach to security, the UN presence in Somalia, and UNSOS support to AMISOM and the Somali National Army. The report includes major developments in Somalia during the period 5 November 2019 to 4 February 2020.

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NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA

Senegal: Making Domestic Resource Mobilization Work to Sustain Growth and Improve Service Delivery

Center for Global Development - CGD

Senegal’s recent economic performance is impressive. For the first time, Senegal has achieved a GDP growth rate of more than 6 percent for three consecutive years (2015–2017), and per capita GDP has increased at an annual average of 4.1 percent. In parallel, progress in fiscal revenues has been recorded, with the ratio of average revenues to GDP increasing by 5.7 percentage points between 2000-2002 and 2014-2017, placing Senegal above the regional average of 15 percent. Despite accounting for more than half of GDP, Senegal’s informal sector makes up less than 3 percent of total tax collection.

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Report of the UN Secretary-General on Guinea-Bissau and UNIOGBIS

United Nations Security Council - UNSC

The present report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2458 (2019), by which the Council extended the mandate of UNIOGBIS and requested that UNSG report every six months on the situation in Guinea-Bissau and on progress made in the implementation of the resolution. The report also provides an update on key political, security, human rights, gender and socioeconomic developments in Guinea-Bissau, as well as on progress in the United Nations transition process ahead of the drawdown and closure of UNIOGBIS.

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Report of the UN Secretary-General on Central African Republic and MINUSCA

United Nations Security Council - UNSC

By its resolution 2499(2019), the Security Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) until 15 November 2020 and requested UNSG to report on its implementation every four months. The present report provides an update on major developments in the Central African Republic since the 15 October 2019 update.

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G20 compact with Africa: Consolidating and accelerating Rwanda’s transformation agenda

South African Institute of International Affairs - SAIIA

Rwanda harnessed the G20 Compact with Africa (CwA) initiative as a framework to accelerate and consolidate its economic transformation agenda in line with the country’s Vision 2050. The CwA will enable Rwanda to develop its infrastructure, grow the private sector, eradicate poverty, expand its middle class and increase inflows of foreign direct investment (FDI). Initial analysis shows a strong take-off in the country in the development of the macroeconomic, business and financial frameworks of the compact.

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MIDDLE-EAST

The Future of Oil and Fiscal Sustainability in the GCC Region

International Monetary Fund - IMF

New technologies are increasing the supply of oil from old and new sources, while rising concerns over the environment are seeing the world gradually moving away from oil. This spells a significant challenge for oil-exporting countries, including those of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) who account for a fifth of the world’s oil production. As global oil demand is expected to peak in the next two decades, the associated fiscal imperative could be both larger and more urgent than implied by the GCC countries’ existing plans. At the current fiscal stance, the region’s financial wealth could be depleted by 2034.

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Averting a new Iranian nuclear crisis

The Brookings Institution

Iran’s January 5, 2020 announcement that it no longer considers itself bound by the restrictions on its nuclear program contained in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA, aka the “nuclear deal”) raises the specter of the Islamic Republic racing to put in place the infrastructure needed to produce nuclear weapons quickly and the United States or Israel conducting military strikes to stop it.

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TRANSNATIONAL

How Will Natural Gas Fare in the Energy Transition?

Center for Strategic & International Studies - CSIS

It is hard to know sometimes whether natural gas is in a golden age or a dark age. Gas is often presented as a promising candidate to deliver cleaner air and decarbonization, which are reasons why many outlooks see a continued need for gas to 2040 and beyond, even assuming a rapid energy transition. Others see it as a temporary and expensive solution that we, as a world, must not lock in, lest we undermine our efforts on deep decarbonization.

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Off-Grid Solar Market Trends Report 2020

Africa Energy Portal - AEP

Off-grid solar solutions have played a pivotal role in extending energy access to millions of people, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, which face some of the world’s biggest gaps in energy access rates. The 2020 edition of the Off-Grid Solar Market Trends Report is aimed to measure the pulse of the off- grid solar market. This latest edition includes the most comprehensive sales and impact data available, in-depth analysis on current market dynamics and an outlook on the future of the industry.

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