2 September 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Greater Inclusion of African Youth in Public Service and Governance
The African Leadership Institute (AFLI)
Aspiration 6 of Agenda 2063, The Africa We Want, emphasises an Africa whose development is people-driven, relying on the potential offered by African people, especially its women and youth, and caring for children. The focus of this report is on how progress can be accelerated and how African Union member states can achieve greater youth inclusion given that the African Youth Charter of 2006 has still not been fully implemented.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Dysfunctional Federalism - How political division, constitutional ambiguity and a unitary mindset thwart power sharing in Somalia
The Heritage Institute for Policy Studies
Article 3 of Somalia’s provisional constitution states that “the federal republic of Somalia is founded upon the fundamental principles of power-sharing in a federal system.” However, over the past three years, the federalism discourse has been characterized by confrontation rather than collaboration. Failure to reach consensus on a power-sharing model has hampered progress on all other issues of national importance, including security, stabilization, institution building, reconciliation, provision of services, peace building, international relations and resource mobilization.
The structure of livestock trade in West Africa
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Regional patterns of livestock trade remain understudied in West Africa, partly because of data availability. This relational approach allows for the study of the overall structure of trade, network sub-groups, the role of specific places and dynamics at different scales of analysis. Network analysis shows that livestock trade is structured around regional trade corridors, national and cross-border trade communities, and a few key urban and border markets.
Building Peace in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: Beyond the United Nations Toolkit
The Wilson Center
UN peacekeeping troops have been in the eastern DRC since 1999. Paradoxically, since their arrival, conflicts in the eastern DRC, currently involving more than 100 armed groups, have intensified and become more complicated. This situation has led stakeholders to ask: “Why the many years of failure? Is there a ‘missing link?’” This paper aims to respond to these two questions.
Public narratives and attitudes towards refugees and other migrants - Uganda country profile
Overseas Development Institute (ODI)
Uganda hosts a much higher proportion of refugees and other migrants relative to its population than other countries in sub-Saharan Africa. It currently hosts the fourth largest refugee population in the world, following an unprecedented rise in numbers over the past decade due to renewed conflict in South Sudan and, more recently, the DRC. This briefing presents an overview of the key features of migration and asylum policy in Uganda, recent trends in migration, refugee and asylum patterns, public perceptions and political narratives on refugees and other migrants.
Access to basic needs in Yemen - Scenarios
Assessment Capacities Project (ACAPS)
More than five years of war have pushed millions of Yemenis into increasingly desperate coping mechanisms. The conflict has resulted in over 100,000 casualties, displacement, severe access constraints, and an economic downturn affecting food and fuel, leaving approximately 24.3 million people (80 per cent of the population) in need of humanitarian assistance. The scenarios describe situations that could occur in the coming six months and are designed to highlight the possible impacts and humanitarian consequences associated with each scenario.
Why Iran Is Turning East
The Begin Sadat Center for Strategic Studies (BESA)
Beijing and Tehran are preparing a whopping 25-year economic and security deal according to which China would invest up to $400 billion in Iran. We need not go into details on the proposed agreement as it has already been discussed at length, but it is worthwhile to delve into the geopolitical and historical background that drives the two countries toward one another.
Migration and skills for the low‑carbon transition
Overseas Development Institute (ODI)
The low-carbon transition will require adapting and changing existing sectors and industries, creating new occupations requiring new skills, even as others become obsolete. The paper makes the case that migration can contribute to efforts to mitigate climate change, and shows how policy and practice communities can collaborate to enable migration to support the transition to low-carbon economies.
The Geopolitics of Critical Minerals
Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI)
The decarbonisation of the global economy and the new wave of technological evolution featuring artificial intelligence (AI) and 5G networks, fuel the race to secure uninterrupted access to critical minerals. Understanding how the high geographic concentration of rare earths, lithium and cobalt often creates hotspots of contention especially in unstable parts of the world, offers instructive indications of how the race to decarbonise and digitalise the global economy will contribute to shaping geopolitics in the years to come.
Reshaping Approaches to Sustainable Peacebuilding and Development in Fragile States
Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP)
There is evidence that fragile states are far from achieving the peace and security goals enshrined in the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This paper discusses the challenges facing ethical leadership, especially in the choice of policies and decision-making regarding their implementation, and highlights key features of the nexus between unethical leadership and (often violent) political crises.
PART I PART II