19 November 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Youth Silencing the Guns - Intergenerational Dialogues
African Union (AU)
African Member States have spearheaded the African Union’s (AU) Initiative on Silencing the Guns (STG) in Africa. The Master Roadmap (AUMR) recognizes that, beyond the ongoing political and military efforts, there is a need for structural interventions in the area of socio-economic development, to allow for issues of governance, youth and women, employment and education, climate change, and other pertinent factors to be considered in the efforts to silence the guns in Africa.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Report of the Secretary-General on the Joint Force of the Group of Five for the Sahel
United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
The present report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2391 (2017), in which the Council requested UNSG to report on the activities of the Joint Force of the Group of Five for the Sahel and the support provided by MINUSMA in this regard. The report highlights the challenges encountered by the Force and the implementation by the G5 Sahel States of a human rights and international humanitarian law compliance framework.
The Economic Consequences of Conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
In sub-Saharan Africa, while a declining trend was observed in the incidence and intensity of conflicts since the early 2000s, there has been an uptick in violence in recent years that mirrors the global increase in conflict. This paper explores the economic consequences of conflict in sub-Saharan Africa by focusing on the prevalence and intensity of conflict evolution over time; the impact of conflict on economic growth; and the fiscal implications of conflict.
Somalia: Preserving the Integrity of the Election
The Heritage Institute for Policy Studies
When the prime minister of Somalia announced the members of the Federal Electoral Implementation Team (FEIT), the nation got an early glimpse of what to expect from the upcoming parliamentary and presidential election. The Heritage Institute was one of the first to advocate for a negotiated and implementable indirect election, based on a broad political agreement among the country’s key stakeholders, instead of haplessly pursuing an elusive one-person-one-vote system.
Policy beyond Counter-Piracy - Improving Maritime Enforcement Capacity, Fisheries, Coastal Welfare, And Rule of Law in The Gulf of Guinea
Maritime security threats in the Gulf of Guinea hinder sustainable development efforts and fuel regional instability. By placing complementary attention on the root causes of illicit maritime activities alongside responses to these illicit maritime activities, Yaoundé Code signatories have an opportunity to holistically improve maritime security throughout the region. This paper provides policy recommendations for stakeholders and signatories of the Yaoundé Code of Conduct.
Prioritizing the locals: A response to the ongoing Humanitarian Aid Crisis in Yemen
Brussels International Center (BIC)
On 8 October 2020 the Brussels International Center hosted an event with international, local and field-based experts to discuss the humanitarian situation in Yemen. The underlying notion of the conversation was concerning the significance of local involvement in the work of humanitarian aid organizations.
Looking toward 6G: Israel in the Age of Technological Decoupling
Institute for National Security Studies (INSS)
On September 29, 2020, when the frequencies tender for the fifth generation network (5G) in Israel was closed, the Ministry of Communications distributed frequency licenses to cellular providers and thus announced that the 5G network had begun operating in Israel. A Chinese initiative shows that there are signs in the international system of a trend toward technological decoupling, which is expected to have strategic consequences – political, economic, and technological.
Stop the virus of disinformation
United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
Misinformation and disinformation on social media are not new problems, but the COVID-19 crisis has amplified them and created new opportunities for violent non-state actors. This report describes how terrorist, violent extremist and organized criminal groups are trying to take advantage of the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic to expand their activities and jeopardize the efficacy and credibility of response measures by governments.
Conflict Trends in Africa, 1989–2019
Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO)
Africa has seen some of the deadliest conflicts in history. Since the early 2000s, however, battle-related deaths in the region have remained relatively low and stable. Nevertheless, Africa exhibits worrisome trends in the increasing number of non-state conflicts and conflicts involving the Islamic State. In this policy brief, we describe conflict trends in Africa between 1989 and 2019. We also present novel data on peacekeeping operations in the region.
Counter-trafficking in Emergencies: Information Management Guide
International Organization for Migration (IOM)
There is a notable lack of tailored guidance on information management that integrates counter-trafficking-specific data collection and analysis into existing mechanisms in humanitarian settings. To address this gap and meet the demands of practitioners and researchers alike, IOM developed Counter-trafficking in Emergencies: Information Management Guide. The goal is to promote an evidence-based decision-making approach that supports the development of new interventions where needed, or the adaptation of existing measures to more systematically integrate counter-trafficking prevention and response into humanitarian settings.