19 Mar 2020
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Tenth report of the UNSG on the threat posed by ISIL (Da’esh)
United Nations - UN
In adopting its resolution 2253 (2015), the Security Council expressed its determination to address the threat posed to international peace and security by Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as Da’esh) and associated individuals and groups. This report provides a strategic-level that reflects the gravity of the threat, as well as the range of United Nations efforts in support of Member States in countering the threat.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Lessons from stabilisation, state-building, and development programming in South Sudan
Knowledge, Evidence and Learning for Development - K4D
The report identifies major learning reviews and evaluations on stabilisation, state-building, and development programme in South Sudan since independent, in 2011 (Particularly interest in reviews of multi-donor trust funds or other pooled development funding arrangements). It also summarises key learnings from these major evaluations/learning reviews.
Nile Conflict: Compensation Rather than Mediation
German Institute for International and Security Affairs - SWP
Questions about how and over what period of time the reservoir of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) will be filled are taking centre stage. In order to defuse the conflict, it might be necessary for Egypt to compensate Ethiopia for concessions on the GERD. Germany and its European partners should provide Egypt with financial support for creating a compensation mechanism. But Europeans should tie financial contributions to clear conditions vis-à-vis Cairo, aimed at improving water management and overall governance.
La gouvernance de la sécurité à l'est du Congo
The Rift Valley Institute - RVI
Dans la République démocratique du Congo (RDC, ou Congo), la gouvernance sécuritaire est concurrentielle, fragmentée et marquée par la violence. De multiples acteurs – Étatiques et non Étatiques—luttent pour marquer leur influence et maintes régions du pays manquent de structures efficaces pour garantir que leurs résidants vivent en paix et en sécurité.
The Challenges for Social Movements in Post-Mugabe Zimbabwe
United States Institute of Peace - USIP
The November 2017 coup in Zimbabwe that ousted Robert Mugabe was at best a flawed transition. Its complexities included a party-state-military conflation and a change of leadership not concomitant with a change of governance culture. Social movements may appear to dissipate but can reemerge, reflecting a cycle of ups and downs and boosts of action around trigger events. This pattern began unfolding in early 2019 in Zimbabwe.
Is the GCC Cyber Resilient?
GCC states seek to be leaders in digital innovation, but this leaves them vulnerable to an increasing range of cyberthreats. Governments have invested significantly in cybersecurity but these measures have been unevenly implemented, making it difficult for these states to be resilient against a large-scale cyber incident.
Syria Socio-economic situation: Damascus City
European Asylum Support Office - EASO
The purpose of this report is to provide relevant information regarding the socio-economic situation in Damascus City for use in the context of international protection status determination, including refugee status and subsidiary protection, especially in view of the EASO country guidance development on Syria.
African Innovation Outlook III
African Union - AU
There is a general consensus that science, technology and innovation are at the heart of development, and that investment in this sphere is critical to ensuring long-term growth. From a measurement perspective, STISA (Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy for Africa 2014-2024) calls for the monitoring and evaluation of policies which have been implemented and, for this to happen, surveys of R&D and of innovation in Member States are needed.
Economic Sanctions are not an Effective Instrument for Political Pressure
Wilson Center - Africa Program
In recent years, the United States Department of Treasury has imposed targeted sanctions on some war-affected African countries, often in response to pleas by activist groups in the United States or Europe. John Prendergast of the Enough Project advanced the idea that sanctions can be precisely targeted at individuals and their business networks, as opposed to targeting an entire country.
Africa’s trade in services and the African Continental Free Trade Area Agreement
South African Institute of International Affairs - SAIIA
Currently, the largest services exporters on the continent are Egypt, Morocco, South Africa, Ghana and Nigeria, and the largest importers Nigeria, Egypt, South Africa, Angola and Morocco. There is scope for increased intra-African services trade, particularly in subcategories of transport and travel, as well as in sub-sectors such as technical, trade-related and other business services, and telecommunications. This report examines the growth and structure of trade in services in Africa and its importance for services trade policy formulation and the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) negotiations on services trade.