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19 August 2020

"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”

 
 

READING OF THE WEEK

Human smuggling in Africa - Rethinking responses

Enhancing Africa’s Response to Transnational Organised Crime (ENACT)

Smuggling networks are at the heart of modern migration mechanics. While it is impossible to know for certain how many irregular migrants use the services of smugglers, it is increasingly recognised that the majority of the world’s 30 million migrants will have used them at some point in their journey. The human smuggling industry remains poorly understood and responses have largely adopted a criminal justice perspective, often backed by military power.

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NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA

Algeria’s Hydrocarbons Crisis: Prospects Of A New Beginning

Brussels International Center (BIC)

Algeria has been heavily relying on its nationalized hydrocarbon industry to maintain both its sovereignty and social peace since its independence, to the extent that oil and gas are part of the country’s identity. However, the country’s reliance on hydrocarbons is falling off short as its economic growth has been reduced by 50% in less than five years. So, Algeria needs a paradigm shift away from hydrocarbons.

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Impact social et économique de la crise du Covid-19 au Maroc

Haut-Commissariat au Plan (HCP), Nations Unies (ONU), Banque Mondiale (BM)

Dans le contexte de la crise mondiale actuelle, un groupe de travail a été mis en place par les Agences du Système des Nations Unies au Maroc et la Banque mondiale pour apporter un appui stratégique à la réponse du pays face à l’impact économique et social de la crise. Le présent document est une note stratégique qui présente des résultats et des recommandations pour accompagner la prise de décision et l'établissement de priorités d’action.

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Report of the UN Secretary-General on the Situation in Somalia

United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

The present report provides updates on the implementation of resolutions on Somalia, including on the mandates of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) and the United Nations Support Office in Somalia (UNSOS). It covers major developments in Somalia from 5 May to 4 August 2020.

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Soutenir et Protéger : L’application de la Politique de diligence voulue en matière de droits de l’Homme par la MONUSCO en RDC

Center for Civilians in Conflict (CIVIC)

D’après son mandat, la principale tâche que doit accomplir la Mission de MONUSCO est de protéger les civils. Dans un pays où plus d’une centaine de groupes armés non étatiques opèrent et se commettent quotidiennement de graves abus envers les civils (tels que des exécutions extrajudiciaires, des violences sexuelles, de l’extorsion ou encore des enlèvements), atteindre un tel objectif est un défi de taille.

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MIDDLE-EAST

How to Improve Water Resources Management in the Middle East? The Call for a Locally-Based Water Security

Euro-Mediterranean Study Commission (EuroMeSCo)

Across the Middle East, and especially in the countries facing severe water scarcity, water has been framed as an existential threat, leading governments to use and justify highly concentrated emergency measures to confront it. This document lists the political methods that can promote ‒ or threaten ‒ water security and the specific steps that can enable de-securitisation through locally-based water security.

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Another Step Forward in the Saudi Nuclear Program

Institute for National Security Studies (INSS)

A facility for the extraction of yellowcake from uranium ore has been detected in Saudi Arabia. The report comes on top of a number of discoveries indicative of an effort by Saudi Arabia, apparently in the early stages, to test elements of the nuclear fuel cycle, as well as closer cooperation between Saudi Arabia and China.

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TRANSNATIONAL

Les Complexes régionaux de Sécurité comme cadre de lutte contre les pandémies

Policy Center for the New South

Une pandémie est, par définition, un défi transnational impactant l’ensemble des organes acteurs des relations internationales. Néanmoins, c’est d’une meilleure gestion des interactions - de nature coopérative ou conflictuelle-, des entités régionales du système international, dont dépendra l’efficacité des Complexes régionaux de Sécurité (CRS).

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Powering extraction: Use of renewables in the minerals sector

South African Institute of international Affairs (SAIIA)

Energy costs represent a significant share of capital expenditure and operational expenditure for mining operations, particularly those positioned in locations where grid power is unavailable or unreliable. Renewable energy is now a viable way of diversifying energy supplies and reducing price volatility.

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Unpacking the UNs Development System Reform

International Peace Institute (IPI)

A far-reaching reform of the UN development system went into effect. This was referred to by the deputy secretary-general as “the most ambitious reform of the United Nations development system in decades.” While this reform has only briefly been in place, questions have already arisen about its implementation and implications.

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