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18 November 2021

"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention"

READING OF THE WEEK

The Future of International Cooperation Against Transnational Organized Crime.

Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime

This paper sets out five possible scenarios that could affect the future of International criminal justice cooperation, and raises thought-provoking questions about possible outcomes and impacts on transnational organized crime. To be useful as planning tools, any scenario or vision of the future must be connectable to decisions in the present, and therefore the scenarios described here are presented in the framework of current challenges.

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NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA

South Sudan's transitional government. Realities, challenges and opportunities

Institute for Security Studies 

South Sudan's Revitalised Transitional Government of National Unity provides a roadmap to resolve the country's civil war. But the transition has not been smooth due to profound structural political disputes, deep-seated corruption, inter-communal conflicts and a shrinking economic base. This report analyses the challenges facing the transitional government and the opportunities for stabilisation.

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Climate-Fragility Risk Brief: Libya

Climate Security Expert Network

Libya continues to rely on burning its primary export to produce electricity at exorbitant cost and relies on fossil water as its primary water source. This is not only expensive and unsustainable but contributes to Libya ranking top in Africa in per capital greenhouse gas emissions, emitting two to four times more greenhouse gas than any other country in North Africa.

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Joint Force of the Group of Five for the Sahel. Report of the Secretary-General

United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

The present report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2391 (2017) of 8 December 2017, in which the Council requested the Secretary-General, in close coordination with the members of the Group of Five for the Sahel (G5 Sahel) – Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and the Niger – and the African Union, to report on the activities of the Joint Force of the Group of Five for the Sahel and the support provided by the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) in this regard.40

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Prioritization and Sequencing of Security Council Mandates: The Case of MINUSCA

International Peace Institute (IPI)

On October 20, 2021, the International Peace Institute (IPI), the Stimson Center, and Security Council Report organized a virtual workshop to discuss the mandate and political strategy of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA). This discussion was part of a series of workshops that examine how the activities included in peace operations' mandates can be better prioritized, sequenced, and grounded in a political strategy. This was the fifth consecutive year in which these partners convened discussions in support of the mandate negotiations on MINUSCA.

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MIDDLE-EAST

Priorities for the Recovery and Reform of the Electricity Sector in Yemen

Sana'a Center for Strategic Studies

Electricity is the backbone of any economy and one of the necessities of modern life. This policy brief presents an overview of the electricity sector and its relevant indicators prior to the conflict. It then outlines the impact of the conflict on the sector, and concludes with a set of priorities for restoring the pre-war capacity of the electricity sector, then further reforming it to improve its performance.

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United Nations Disengagement Observer Force Report of the Secretary General

United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

The present report provides an account of the activities of the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) from 21 May to 20 August 2021, pursuant to the mandate set out in Security Council resolution 350 (1974) and extended in subsequent Council resolutions, most recently resolution 2581 (2021). It presents the Situation in the area of operations and activities of the Force, and the Implementation of Security Council resolution 338 (1973).

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TRANSNATIONAL

The management of scarce water resources during protracted armed conflicts in the Arab region

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

This paper investigates the complex challenge of managing scarce water resources during protracted armed conflicts. It covers the whole of the Arab region, as all the region's countries are affected directly or indirectly by protracted conflicts and, to some extent, by water scarcity. It builds on the premise that water scarcity cannot be addressed by simply improving infrastructure, especially during protracted armed conflicts, which are characterized by their longevity, intractability and mutability and by the fragmentation of the parties and stakeholders involved.

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Natural Gas in the African Energy Landscape

African Energy Commission (AFREC)

Africa is endowed with abundant energy resources ranging from renewable energies to fossil fuels. For some African countries, it has brought export revenue from supply gas to a world where gas demand has risen significantly and is projected to continue to rise in the years ahead, reflecting increasingly global markets, the commitment for lower carbon emissions fuels and its multi-purpose uses. Other countries, notably smaller producers have used their gas, coupled with imported gas, as a fuel to increase electricity generation and provide fuel, to allow economic growth. Other countries, notably smaller producers have used their gas, coupled with imported gas, as a fuel to increase electricity generation and provide fuel, to allow economic growth.

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Quantum Computing and Cybersecurity

Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs

The current state of research into quantum technologies and their applications is still nascent, leaving us with an incomplete understanding of how and when to prepare for future quantum computing breakthroughs. While quantum computers powerful enough to undermine current cryptographic defenses are a decade away or more, experience has shown that it will likely take an equivalent amount of time to transition to quantum-resistant approaches to cryptography. The magnitude of the threat and the persistence of encrypted information has spurred public and private sector efforts to develop quantum-resistant algorithms and prepare for adoption.

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