18 March 2021
"This document contains links to articles and/or press agency release from multiple open sources, agencies and academia. The contents, ideas or opinions in the document do not reflect NSD-S HUB or NATO views neither conform to the organization naming convention”
READING OF THE WEEK
Africa’s combined exclusive maritime zone concept
Institute for Security Studies (ISS)
The establishment of the Combined Exclusive Maritime Zone for Africa (CEMZA) is a strategic objective of Africa’s Integrated Maritime Strategy. The intention is to create a common maritime space to facilitate geostrategic, economic, political, social and security benefits and minimise transnational threats. This report unpacks the nature and implications of the concept. Although the challenges of implementation are enormous and the prognosis appears bleak, the report identifies some examples from which best practices can be drawn.
NORTH AFRICA / SAHEL / SUB – SAHARA
Tunisia: An overlapping political and constitutional crisis
Al Jazeera Centre for Studies
Just five months after Tunisian Prime Minister Hichem Mechichi formed his government, his mid-January attempt at a far-reaching Cabinet shuffle was blocked by President Kais Saied, who refused to swear in the new ministers, accusing some of them—whom he did not name—of corruption. The resulting political deadlock opened a new chapter in the crisis of government that began shortly after the 2019 legislative and presidential elections.
Tensions at the Sudanese-Ethiopian Border: Conflating New and Pre-Existing Concerns
Brussels International Center (BIC)
Fighting between Ethiopian government forces and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) has left thousands dead, with two million more displaced, including 100,000 Eritrean refugees in Tigrayan camps. Against this backdrop, tensions between Ethiopia and its neighbour Sudan, have become increasingly strained. This report analyses how spillovers from Ethiopia’s military operation in Tigray have affected bilateral relations with its neighbour, and affected other pressing issues including the GERD debate.
Fighting for black stone: extractive conflict, institutional change and peacebuilding in Sierra Leone
Oxford University Press
Since the end of Sierra Leone’s civil war in 2002, environmental governance reform has featured prominently on the country’s peacebuilding agenda. In response to arguments that ‘conflict resources’ constituted an important driver of the war, the international community, in partnership with the government, has pursued policy changes aimed at re-establishing state control over natural resources, generating natural resource revenue to drive growth, and institutionalizing transparency and accountability initiatives.
Uganda Demonstrates the Growing Influence of Social Media on Politics in Africa
Polish Institute of International Affairs (PISM)
In Africa, the frequency of politically fuelled internet blockages is increasing. This strengthens authoritarian tendencies and threatens business, for example, in Uganda, where the authorities switched off online access before January’s election. This undermined the election’s credibility and caused financial losses. Just as much controversy was sparked by Facebook’s attempts to restrict content supporting the candidacy of the incumbent, Yoweri Museveni, by shutting down government accounts.
Implications of the Latest Iranian Attack on Saudi Oil Facilities
The Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies (BESA)
The past two weeks have seen a considerable escalation in the fighting between Saudi Arabia and the Houthis in Yemen. The latter recently succeeded in wresting extensive lands near the city of Mar’ib from Yemeni government forces, and the Saudi air force responded by hitting numerous targets in Yemen, inflicting casualties and wreaking destruction. Why are the Houthis assuming responsibility for an attack on Saudi Arabia that they did not perpetrate (if that is indeed the case)?
YEMEN risk overview - Outlook for December 2020–May 2021 (February update)
Assessment Capacities Project (ACAPS)
ACAPS’ Yemen Analysis Hub has developed a risk-monitoring framework which is updated daily with significant events. Every month, ACAPS analysts and technical experts, including economists and anthropologists, review the current development of indicators collectively and update the risk outlook. This is an update of the Yemen risk overview published in December 2020.
Civil Society Participation in Peacemaking and Mediation Support in the APSA: Insights on the AU, ECOWAS and SADC
Institute for Justice and Reconciliation
Recognising the need to institutionalise mediation capacity and to foster the participation of non-state actors in conflict prevention and peacemaking, the African Union (AU) and Regional Economic Communities (RECs), which form the building blocks of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA), have established Mediation Support Structures (MSS) and developed partnerships with civil society organisations (CSOs). This report offers comparative insights, firstly, on the framework for the inclusion of civil society stakeholders from conflict-affected states in peacemaking.
Challenges and Solutions for Maritime Security in The Indian Ocean
This policy brief examines maritime security and governance in the Indian Ocean region across nine issue areas including the blue economy, coastal welfare, rule of law, piracy and armed robbery, illicit trades, maritime mixed migration, fisheries, maritime enforcement capacity, and international cooperation. It looks at progress being made across these issue areas, as well as the challenges that remain to sustainable maritime security in the region.
A Gateway Re-opens: the growing popularity of the Atlantic route, as told by those who risk it
Mixed Migration Centre (MMC)
This report seeks to shed light on the motivations and experiences of West African refugees and migrants who attempted, in some cases successfully, to reach Spain’s Canary Islands between late 2019 and 2020. It focuses on: reasons for migrating and for the choice of this particular route; the risks, dangers, and protection incidents experienced over the course of the migratory journey.